2013年08月31日

空の日

日本で初めてエンジン付き飛行機の飛行実験に成功した徳川好敏大尉と日野熊蔵大尉のフライトから100年を迎えるのを祝い、記念式典が2010年12月19日、初飛行の地、渋谷区の代々木公園で開かれた。式典は、初飛行30周年の1940(昭和15)年に朝日新聞社と大日本飛行協会が建立した「日本航空発始之地」記念碑の前であった…

 これはヤッホー君のこのブログ、昨年2012年2月5日付け日記「代々木公園」からです。
 初飛行は、ですので1910年、明治43年。堀越二郎は1903年、明治36年生まれですので物心がついている小学生の自分ですね。
 アニメ映画「風立ちぬ」で、「二郎」が「菜穂子」と出合うのは関東大震災、1923(大正12)年9月1日正午、堀越二郎は東大生です。
 「二郎」が「菜穂子」よりお手紙をもらう頃、「二郎」は江東区、当時の深川越中島の埋立地にあった「航空研」で勉強中!
 ここに当時を偲んで、1910(明治43)年初飛行のときと、「航空研」そのものの発足について、以下の文書を忘れないうちに添えておきます。
 だってぇ〜、朝日新聞社は、初飛行30周年にあたって「記念碑」を建立するだけでなく、「航空日」創設にあたっての特集記事を編んでいたからです。
 また、これを万人がアクセスできるよう、≪知の普遍化≫、しかも戦前の新聞記事を文章化するのですから、この大変なプロジェクトに取り組んでくださった神戸大学附属図書館の皆さま、ありがとうございます、とヤッホー君、脱帽して敬意を表しております:

 わが国航空30周年の記念すべき秋、来る28日の初の航空日を前に本社では朝野航空関係の諸名士の参集を乞い12日東京芝紅葉館において「航空30年座談会」を開催した。

緒方主筆 わが国の航空がスタートを切りましてから今年でちょうど満30年に当ります、研究時代を加えますともっと歴史の古いものがありますが、いわゆる今日の航空の出発点−徳川、日野両大尉が1910(明治43)年にわが国最初の離陸と申しますか、歴史的初飛行に成功されましてからそうなるわけでございまして、政府におかれても新しく”航空日”という空の祝祭日を制定され、今年は来る28日をこれにあてて全国各地に種々の催しを展開されると承っています。
 朝日新聞社におきましてはこの機会に、航空日本の草創時代から今事変で無敵荒鷲の名を恣にし世界に勇名を轟かすにいたりますまでの躍進の跡についてお話を承りこれを新聞紙上に掲載して今日の航空日本がいかにして建設されたかを国民に徹底させ、航空思想の普及と将来の飛躍に資したいと考える次第でございます。

本社 ではまず最初に田中館先生から草創時代の思い出話を一つ…

田中館博士 実は当時の思い出話はこれで3度目なんで…(笑声)仏の顔も三度といいますが、私のはどうも年寄の顔が三度ですから…(笑声)
 私が航空というものに関係を持ちましたのは日露戦争からであります、乃木将軍が旅順に行っておられて、何とか繋留気球を揚げて港内の敵情をみたいといわれ、その結果中野の電信隊に気球班というのが生れてはじめて気球研究をやり出した、これがなかなか巧くゆかなかった、第一に繋留索をまくのからして容易でない、鋼鉄の索が乱雑に絡みあわないように綺麗に巻くのは非常に骨の折れる仕事でした、ドイツから巧く巻けるはずの巻取機を買って見たが思うようにいかんので私に一つやって見ろということになったのです、機械の説明は面倒になりますから省略しますが、とにかくあれこれと研究してどうにかお役に立つことができました、こんなわけでその後ずっと航空と関係するようになった次第です。

本社 その気球はうまい工合に活用されましたか?

田中館博士 どうやらうまくいって旅順でも使ったようです、水素の高価なのには弱りましたよ、水素はアルミニウムと苛性曹達でつくるのですが、このアルミニウムが馬鹿々々しく高い上に多量に得られない、そこで一回だけで水素を無駄にしては勿体ないと苦心して袋をこしらえた、確か20、或は25立方メートルほどの大きなものでしたが、さてこれを気球にして詰めるのがまた大変です、皆さんだって空気枕の空気を搾り出すのに2分や3分はかかるでしょう、それが20立方メートルの袋なんだから…(笑声)
 とにかくいろいろなことがありましたよ、1905(明治38)年の4月だったと思いますが、今の浜離宮の辺で気球を揚げたらとたんに破裂してその原因を調べるのに苦労したこともあります、当時気球の権威の山田猪三郎(山田式飛行船の発明者)という人がおりましたが、このころからどうやら気球研究の必要が真剣に考えられ出してこの席におられる岩本君、まだ大学を出たばかりの青年でしたが、岩本君などが選ばれて専門の航空研究にあたることになり、例の臨時軍用気球研究会が1909(明治42)年長岡さん(外史将軍)の会長で創設されたのでありました。
 徳川大尉の飛行は確かそれから一年ほどしてでしたナ

奈良原男爵 そうです、その翌年の12月19日でした、実際はまだ早く飛べるのだったのですが発動機が廻らなかったのです、というのが発動機に電線が逆さに入れてあったためアースしていたのに気づかなかったわけです、気球隊に高山という技手がいましたが、ある時この高山君がプロペラーを始動すると、何の気なしにファルマンの翼に手を触れていた私の手に突然ピリッと来た、これじゃ駄目だ、スイッチの入れ方が反対だというわけで田中館さんにも立会ってもらって直したが、これに4日も5日も潰した有様でした(笑声)
 漸く動き出したのであすはいよいよ飛ぶゾと宣言したわけですが、さて徳川さんが試乗して滑走すると、車輪が練兵場内の道路の溝に入ったとたんにピンが抜けて車輪が吹っ飛びプロペラーが地面を叩いて壊れてしまった、大変だ、あすは公開飛行だから今夜のうちに直してくれというのです、随分無茶な話だが当時修理する者といえば私一人、幸いに私はファルマンのプロペラーを別に一本持っていたので修理はしましたが慌てて松明を焚く、提灯はつけるなどして代々木のまん中で徹夜いたしました、それだけに翌日見事に公開飛行に成功し、高度30メートルから70メートルで代々木の原を2周、4分間、距離3000メートルを飛行した時は泣いて喜びました
 何しろそのころの飛行機は直ぐ壊れるのでして日野大尉のグラデー式の方も公開飛行の前日の夕方、5メートルくらいだったか飛び上った時ひっくり返ってしまいました、グラデーは蝙蝠のような翼が竹の小骨や針金をやたらに引張りあわせた奴で、日野さんは針金にからまって出られないでいるのをやっと引き出したのですが、何の怪我もなくこれを修理してその後大いに飛びました。

本社 和田先生に航研のお話を…

和田博士 大学で航空の研究を最初にはじめられたのは田中館先生で造船の講座を持っておられた横田成年博士もいまの九州帝大の栖原君(栖原豊太郎教授)が助手のような形で研究しておられた、そのころなんでも横田先生は河豚のような形でプロペラが尻についている飛行機を作ろうと具体的に製図までしておられたようです、これは実現しませんでしたが、そのころから研究所を作らねばならん、人材養成をやらなければいけないと唱えられまして当時の総長山川健次郎博士が率先して学内に航空学調査委員会を設立され、1918(大正7)年には工科大学附属の航空研究所が越中島にできました。 これは敷地も四、五千坪のもので規模も小さかったのですが、その後どうしても大規模の立派なものを作らねば航空の研究に遅れるというので1931’昭和6)年にただ今の駒場の研究所が完成したわけです
 調査委員会の当時実験をするのに大森先生の地震計を借りて地下室へもぐってやった、上には印度哲学とか、支那哲学の教室があるから、ガタガタするごとに印度哲学などから文句が出る(笑声)それで夜分こっそりやったもんでした…

  ※ 航空研究所長工学博士 和田小六氏
  ※ 東大名誉教授理学博士 田中館愛橘氏(臨時軍用気球研究会設立当時の首脳委員)
(新聞記事文庫 航空(6-113) 大阪朝日新聞 1940.9.14-1940.9.24(昭和15)
http://www.lib.kobe-u.ac.jp/das/jsp/ja/ContentViewM.jsp?METAID=00323906&TYPE=IMAGE_FILE&POS=1

 「空の日」の起源は今から約60年前の1940(昭和15)年に制定された「航空日」に遡ります。
 この年は、日野・徳川両陸軍大尉が代々木練兵場にて我が国で最初の動力飛行を披露した1910(明治43)年からちょうど30周年に当たるとともに、紀元2600年の祝典諸行事の計画が国を挙げて進められていた時期でもありました。このような時に、我が国航空の歴史を記念し航空思想の高揚と航空技術の振興を図り、航空日本の将来の発展に努めるための国家的行事を実施すべきとの意向が航空関係者の間で強く要望されました。そこで、政府は、同年6月13日の各省次官会議において「航空日」の制定を決定し、毎年1回官民合同の各種航空関連行事を開催することにしました。
 第1回の「航空日」は同年9月28日と決定され、学校、民間団体、新聞通信社等の挙国一致的協力の下、航空大会、グライダー大会、航空功労者表彰式、講演会、論文募集、標語募集、展覧会、演劇、演奏会等様々な行事が実施されました。
 第2回の「航空日」は航空関係省庁間協議において、9月20日と決定され、1992(平成4)年には「空の日」と名を変え、現在では9月20日として定着しているところです

(国土交通省、空の日、なぜ9月20日なの?)
http://www.mlit.go.jp/koku/03_information/02_sora/p02.html

posted by fom_club at 11:52| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

東大航空研

 アニメ映画「風立ちぬ」を鑑賞中のヤッホー君、越中島の東大航空研がでてきて思わず椅子からずるって滑り落ちてしまいました。

 この続きはまた後で、実は、この暑さのせいか冷蔵庫がついに箱になり、これから届けに行きますとの連絡を受けたからなのです!

 失敬…
posted by fom_club at 08:04| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月30日

Le vent se lève

 登場人物に夢があって若く、美しい、そして緑濃く山も川も草原も自然が手付かずで、美しい、さらに「生きねば」と訴えかけてくる映画、でした、「風立ちぬ」。

 Le vent se lève, il faut tenter de vivre

 なぜ宮崎駿監督は、風立ちぬの後半の詩句の「いざ、生きめやも」を活かさなかったんだろうか、と考えさせてくれる映画でもありました。死から生へ、と真っ暗な映画館に腰をおろしている観客に、「さ、歩こう!」と呼びかけてくるような映画でした。

 長いけど、削除される前に載せておきます。それはスタジオジブリのプロデューサー、鈴木敏夫さん(64)へのインタヴュー記事です(2013年5月9日付け東京新聞「9条 世界にアピールを」):

 ジブリの企画は、いつも宮さん(宮崎監督)から「次どうしよう」って相談があるんです。たいがい、僕が「これがいい」って言うと、「分かった」ってやってくれる人なんですよ。ほとんど躊躇なく。
 ところが、今回は違った。彼が模型雑誌に描いていた「風立ちぬ」の原作があって、僕が「これをやろう」と言ったら、いきなり怒りだしてしまって。鈴木さん、何考えてるんだ、と。「アニメーション映画は子どものためにつくるもの。大人のための映画はつくっちゃいけない」と。30年間付き合ってきて、初めての出来事でした。
 でも、僕は食い下がった。宮崎駿は1941(昭和16)年生まれ。子どものころは戦争中。だから、宮さんの言葉を借りれば、物心ついたときに絵を描くとなると、戦闘機ばかり。でも、一方では大人になって反戦デモにも参加する。相矛盾ですよね。
 もしかしたら、それは彼だけの問題じゃなく、日本人全体が、どこかでそういう矛盾を抱えているんじゃないか。まんが雑誌とかで、戦争に関係するものをいっぱい知っているわけですよ。戦闘機はどうした、軍艦はどうした、とか。でも思想的には、戦争は良くないと思っている。
 その矛盾に対する自分の答えを、宮崎駿はそろそろ出すべきなんじゃないか。僕はそう思った。年も年だし。これはやっておくべきじゃないか、と。
 「風立ちぬ」が公開される7月には参院選が予定されている。安倍首相は戦争放棄をうたった憲法9条の改正を視野に、改憲の発議要件(96条)を両院の「3分の2以上」の賛成から「過半数」に引き下げる構えを見せている。
 日本が起こした戦争をどう描くかによって、将来の日本のビジョンが見えてくる。今回、宮さんらしいなと思ったのが、国のためにいろいろやった人を描くんじゃない、というところ。それは、どの作品でも一貫していると思います。
 「紅の豚」(1992年公開)という映画も主人公はある時期、国のために戦ったわけです。そのむなしさを知ったがゆえに、豚になって生きているという設定。「ハウルの動く城」(2004年公開)は反戦というか、厭戦です。
 現実の写し絵です。日本はずっと戦争がないけれど、世界の各地では減るどころか、増えているわけでしょ。いつまでこんな愚かなことをやり続けるのか、っていうことでしょうね。
 「風立ちぬ」に戦闘シーンは出てきません。起きていることとして、みんな知っているわけでしょ。多くの映画は、そういうものを描いていますけれど。
 みんな戦いが好きですよね。自分が勝つ側に立つからでしょう。負ける側に立った途端に、やってられない。ジブリでも昔、「戦争の名人」と呼ばれた名将を取り上げたいと言ったやつがいて。「おまえ、自分のこととして考えろ」って言いたくなった。もしその企画をやるとしても、僕なら名将に連れて行かれてひどい目に遭う、一兵卒の視点から描きたいですけどね。
 平和ぼけですね。想像力に欠けているわけでしょ。安倍さんなんかはね、年が若いのになぜああいうことを考えるのか、ちょっとピンときません。もう少し上の世代だったら分かる気もするんですが。やり方を間違えたから日本は負けた。間違えなかったら勝っていた。そう考える、ある年齢の人たちがいるのを僕は知っていますしね。
 やっぱり「3分の2」じゃなくちゃいけないんじゃないですか。そんな大事なことを決めるのに、「2分の1」じゃだめですよね。それをやっておいて、将来、何になるかっていう問題でしょ。やめてほしいですよね。
 そもそもいま憲法改正に、みんな、そんなに興味あるんですかねえ。そうじゃないでしょ。そんなことより、自分たちの生活をどうするんだってことの方が大変で。だから、僕は、政治家の独りよがりだと思っています。
 「千と千尋の神隠し」(2001年公開)が米アカデミー賞の長編アニメーション作品賞を受賞するなど、ジブリ作品は世界で高い評価を得ている。平和への理念が海外でも共感されているのか。
 アメリカがつくった映画と闘おうとか、そういうことは一度たりと考えたことはありません。僕らは日本の人に見てもらうものをつくる。それを外国の人が見て、面白いと言ってくれるんなら、うれしい。それだけなんですよ。
 僕、日本が憲法9条を持っているって、海外の人はほとんど知らないと思う。だって自衛隊があるしね。そっちを知っているわけでしょう。だから日本が世界にアピールするとしたら、9条ですよね。これだけの平和は、9条がなければあり得なかったわけですから。僕はあってよかったって立場だし、たぶん宮さんもそうなんじゃないかと思います。
 日本には美しい森林もある。自分の国は自分で守るという考え方もあるでしょうが、平和憲法を持ち、森と水がきれいな国をね、みんな侵せますか。そこへ侵略する国があったら、世界の非難を受ける時代でしょ。現代って、一国の暴走に世論がブレーキをかける時代なんです。
 宮さんや僕が尊敬する作家の堀田善衛さん(1918-1998)が、こんなことを言ったことがあるんです。「人間の歴史は、殺し合いだ」って。その殺し合いが、だんだん残虐になったのが歴史だと。最初は宗教をめぐる争いで、あるときから国家同士の争いになった。
 人間というのはそういうことをするもんだなあっていうのが、実際にあるわけですが、その中でね、やっとたどり着いたわけでしょ、この平和憲法に。すごい理想主義でしょ。
 人間がそこまできたってのは、すごいこと。僕はそう思いますけどね。

http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/feature/kenpouto/list/CK2013050902000173.html

 「殺し合い」でなく「生きねば」へ。
 だって、この国には遺伝子のなかに、皆んなで死ねば恐くないみたいな、変な「死の匂い」が漂っていませんか? そして、できれば自分で考えずに、ムラオサにお任せして、ムラオサの言う通りやっておいたほうが波風立たないし、自分のいまの身の安全も保たれるし、ま、その人それぞれの立場があって、黙って下向いていよっと、にょごにょご。。。

 それに気づいたのがラフカディオ・ハーンこと小泉八雲(1850 ギリシャに生れる-1904 東京で死去)でした。≪風立ちぬ≫から≪八雲立つ≫へ、「まんが原作者」の大塚英志さん(1958年生まれ)からの孫引きですが、引用しておきます:

 われわれ西洋人のそれとはまったく異なった道徳観念を、日本人は先祖からつたえもっているのだ。
 こころみに、一つのクラスの日本の学生に−14歳から16歳までの若い学生に、かれらの一ばんだいじな願望は何かと尋ねてみたまえ。。。
 10人のうち、9人までが
「天皇陛下のために死ぬことです」と答えるだろう(中略)
 こうした一種の陶酔するような忠誠観念が、国民生活の一部を形づくっているのである。
 それは血液のなかにあるのだ。
 ――ちょうど、アリの衝動が、遺伝的に自分たちの小さな王国のために死ぬことであり、ミツバチの忠誠が、意識せずして女王バチのために献身することであるのと同じようなものなのだ。これが神道なのである。

(小泉八雲 平井呈一訳「家庭の祭壇」『全訳小泉八雲作品集第6巻』)
 典拠は、大塚英志『「捨て子」たちの民俗学―小泉八雲と柳田国男−』(角川選書398、2006年)90頁。

posted by fom_club at 08:34| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月29日

The Wind Rises

 2013年は、零戦の設計者として有名な「堀越二郎」の生誕110年に当たります。
 堀越は、少年時代に航空の道を志し長じて後、東京航空学科に学び、三菱重工業に入社して試行錯誤を経ながら七試・九六艦戦、零戦、烈風等の設計を担当して世界に知られる存在となりました。
 本企画展においては、群馬県藤岡市の生家、東京都の自宅に残されていたゆかりの資料の展示を通して、理想の機体を製作すべく精力を傾けた設計上の工夫の軌跡を辿ると共に、従来あまり語られることのなかった彼の人間像についても紹介し、日本の航空発展期における航空技術者の実像を伝えます。


(所沢航空発祥記念館 特別展「日本の航空技術100年展」は明後日8月31日土曜日まで)
アクセス:東京駅<山手線内回り27分>高田馬場駅<西武新宿線32分>航空公園駅<東口より徒歩8分>所沢航空発祥記念館
http://tam-web.jsf.or.jp/spevent/index.html

 この所沢航空記念公園は、アメリカ軍所沢基地の返還に伴って、1974(昭和49)年3月に基地の一部約50haが公園として計画され、1978(昭和53)年3月に開設されています。公園となってまだ35年ですが、そのムカシ、「日本航空発祥の地」でもあります。
 
 今日のヤッホー君、堀越二郎(1903-1982)に会おうと向かったのは、所沢航空発祥記念館でなく、イーチャリなので、109 CINEMAS 木場(江東区木場1-5-30イトーヨーカドー木場店3階)です。
 ジャパニーズアニメーター第二弾、宮崎駿監督作の『風立ちぬ』でした!
http://kazetachinu.jp/story.html

【チェック】宮崎駿監督がゼロ戦の設計者・堀越二郎と作家の堀辰雄をモデルに、1930年代の日本で飛行機作りに情熱を傾けた青年の姿を描くアニメ。美しい飛行機を製作したいという夢を抱く青年が成し遂げたゼロ戦の誕生、そして青年と少女との出会いと別れをつづる。

【ストーリー】大正から昭和にかけての日本。戦争や大震災、世界恐慌による不景気により、世間は閉塞感に覆われていた。航空機の設計者である堀越二郎はイタリア人飛行機製作者カプローニを尊敬し、いつか美しい飛行機を作り上げたいという野心を抱いていた。関東大震災のさなか汽車で出会った菜穂子とある日再会。二人は恋に落ちるが、菜穂子が結核にかかってしまう。

【2013年8月27日のシネマトゥデイ映画ニュース】夏休み終了が近づく中、興行通信社が26日に発表した全国映画動員ランキングでは、宮崎駿監督作の『風立ちぬ』が依然として好調、6週連続で1位を獲得した。

http://www.cinematoday.jp/page/N0055905

【主題歌】「ひこうき雲」(荒井由美)とあってビックリしたヤッホー君。荒井由美は1954年生まれのシンガーソングライター。1972年、多摩美術大学在学中にシングル「返事はいらない」でデビュー。「ひこうき雲」は、その翌年、1973年11月20日に発売された「歴史的名盤」と評されているファーストアルバム「ひこうき雲」のタイトル曲っていうんですから、所沢航空記念公園ができるよりも旧い40年もムカシの歌exclamation×2 二度ビックリしました。
http://emirecords.jp/yuming/

 このジャパニメーション、8月23日付け英国紙ガーディアンでも取り上げられました。なんとま、話題の豊富な、というより、以下の記事をぜひ熟読なさってください:

A scene from The Wind Rises, by the animator Hayao Miyazaki, who has angered political activists, Japanese nationalists and doctors with his film

His latest film has taken almost 6bn yen (£39.4m) at the box office in Japan since its release last month and is a contender for the top award at this year's Venice international film festival.

But Hayao Miyazaki, the legendary Japanese animator, has managed to anger everyone from doctors to political activists with The Wind Rises (Kaze Tachinu), his fictionalised portrayal of the inventor of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighter plane, used to devastating effect by the imperial Japanese navy during the second world war.

In making a protagonist of Jiro Horikoshi, whose planes took part in the attack on Pearl Harbor and in kamikaze missions, Miyazaki is being targeted by unlikely political bedfellows at home and abroad.

South Korean internet users accused the director – who won global adoration with the more family-oriented fantasies My Neighbour Totoro and the Oscar-winning Spirited Away – of lionising the creator of one of the most potent symbols of Japanese militarism, and pointed out that among the workers who assembled more than 10,000 of the state-of the-art fighters were forced labourers from the Korean peninsula.

Stung by the criticism, Miyazaki met South Korean reporters based in Tokyo to explain his admiration for Horikoshi. "[He] was someone who resisted demands from the military," he said, according to the Mainichi Shimbun. "I wonder if he should be liable for anything just because he lived in that period."

Japanese nationalists, meanwhile, took to online forums to denounce Miyazaki, a former trade union official with well-documented leftwing leanings, as a "traitor" and "anti-Japanese" for the film's focus on the futility of war.

But they were most angered by an essay Miyazaki had written to coincide with the film's release in which he condemned Japan's modern-day drift to the right, including plans by the prime minister, Shinzo Abe, to revise the country's pacifist constitution.

"It goes without saying that I am against constitutional reform," Miyazaki wrote in Neppu, Studio Ghibli's in-house monthly magazine. In a thinly veiled reference to Abe, he went on to accuse Japan's modern-day politicians of attempting to sanitise the country's wartime conduct.

"I'm taken aback by the lack of knowledge among government and political party leaders on historical facts," he said. "People who don't think enough shouldn't meddle with the constitution."

The Wind Rises, Miyazaki's first film as director since Ponyo in 2008, marks a departure from the fantasy-led animated films that have brought him critical acclaim and devotees around the world.

Aimed at a more adult audience, the film is his tribute to the "extraordinary genius" of Horikoshi, whose plane was widely regarded acclaimed as the most advanced fighter in the world during the first half of the war.

In an interview with the Asahi Shimbun, the 72-year-old said he had "very complex feelings" about the war, adding that militarist Japan had acted out of "foolish arrogance."

But the Zero, he added, "represented one of the few things we Japanese could be proud of – they were a truly formidable presence, and so were the pilots who flew them".

Miyazaki, a warplane enthusiast since childhood, insisted Horikoshi was beyond reproach.

"Jiro Horikoshi was the most gifted man of his time in Japan," he said in a 2011 interview with Cut magazine. "He wasn't thinking about weapons – really all he desired was to make exquisite planes."

The Wind Rises should also come with a health warning, according to Japanese doctors who have criticised the director for his frequent portrayals of smoking.

In an open letter to Miyazaki's production company, Studio Ghibli, the Japan Society for Tobacco Control said the gratuitous depictions of smoking gave the impression that the tobacco habit was socially acceptable, even among minors.

In Miyazaki's defence, the film's many smoking scenes are at least a nod to the social mores of the times. The Wind Rises is set in the 1920s and 30s, before the harmful health effects of tobacco were fully known and when Japanese, among others, were enthusiastic smokers.

Despite Miyazaki's attention to historical detail, the physicians were particularly unhappy about a scene in which the lead character smokes as he holds the hand of his bedridden wife, who is suffering from tuberculosis.

"Why did smoking have to be included in a scene where the objective is to depict the couple's relationship, especially the woman's state of mind?" the letter said. "There must have been another way to express that."

The Wind Rises attracted 4 million viewers in the first three weeks after its domestic release on 20 July and looks almost certain to become the biggest film of the year in Japan. An English-language version is not expected to appear until around the middle of next year.


Japanese animator under fire for film tribute to warplane designer
- Japanese nationalists and doctors attack Hayao Miyazaki's acclaimed The Wind Rises -

By Justin McCurry in Tokyo

The Guardian, Friday 23 August 2013

Jump to comments (85)

Read more : http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/23/hayao-miyazaki-film-wind-rises

posted by fom_club at 15:01| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月28日

Japanese animator

 今日のヤッホー君の日記は「ジャパニメーション」の続編でジャパニーズアニメーター、「はだしのゲン Barefoot Gen」の作者、中沢啓治(1939 現在の広島市中区舟入本町出身-2012肺がんで死去)の話し。

 3紙の社説は具体的に触れていないが、「ゲン」では何ら根拠も示さず旧日本軍の「蛮行」が「これでもか」というほど語られる。
 「妊婦の腹を切りさいて中の赤ん坊を引っ張り出したり」「女性の性器の中に一升ビンがどれだけ入るかたたきこんで骨盤をくだいて殺したり」…。
 特に天皇に対しては、作者の思想の反映か異様なまでの憎悪が向けられる。
 「いまだに戦争責任をとらずにふんぞりかえっとる天皇」「殺人罪で永久に刑務所に入らんといけん奴はこの日本にはいっぱい、いっぱいおるよ。まずは最高の殺人者天皇じゃ」
 東京社説によると「ゲン」は、韓国では全10巻3万セットを売り上げるベストセラーだという。さだめし、韓国の「反日」活動の論拠の一つとして利用されていることだろう。
 朝日社説は「漫画を否定しがちだった先生たちが、限られた図書館予算の中から『ゲン』を積極的に受け入れたのも、作品のメッセージ力が強かったからこそだ」と持ち上げる。とはいえ、日教組好みのメッセージだったからこそ、学校現場で普及したのだから当たり前の話である。
 憲法は表現の自由を保障しており、「ゲン」のような漫画があってもいい。だが、それと教育現場にふさわしいかはおのずと別問題だ。「閉架」措置うんぬん以前に、小中学校に常備すべき本だとはとても思えない。


(政治部編集委員【阿比留瑠比の極言御免】「はだしのゲン」はどんな本か)
2013.8.21 21:03(2/2ページ)
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/politics/news/130821/lcl13082121040002-n2.htm

 とまで公器を使って8月21日、蔑められてしまう「ゲン」…

 日本維新の会の橋下徹共同代表(大阪市長)は27日、松江市教育委員会による漫画「はだしのゲン」の閲覧制限撤回に関連し、社説で「撤回」を求めた朝日新聞と毎日新聞を名指しし、「メディアが騒いで教委の決定を覆した。教委の独立性を完全に脅かした。独立性はいらないと言ったに等しい」と批判した。市役所で記者団に語った。
 教委側に対しても「だらしない。独立性を自ら放棄したようなもの。判断に自信があるなら、朝日新聞や毎日新聞に言われようが、『教育的判断だ』といえばいい」と苦言を呈した。教委の独立性に関する自らの見解については「完全独立性はよくない。民意をある程度反映させなければならない」と述べた。


維新・橋下氏、「はだしのゲン」で朝毎を批判 「教委の独立性否定」
2013.8.27 17:35[westライフ]
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/west/west_affairs/news/130827/waf13082717560010-n1.htm

 8月26日月曜日の英字紙ガーディアンは、次のように報じています。

A Japanese manga series considered an anti-war classic has caused a stir in Japan after a school board in the country's south-western city of Matsue removed it from all its school libraries.
The 10-volume manga series, Hadashi No Gen (Barefoot Gen), is based on author Keiji Nakazawa's own experience, at the age of six, of the 1945 atomic bombing of Hiroshima, in which both his father and brother were killed.
The series began in 1973, when it was serialised in a leading manga magazine. It is regularly reprinted and read by children learning about the second world war, and has been adapted for film several times.
The comics criticise the late Emperor Hirohito, who ruled from 1926 to his death in 1989, and in whose name Japan fought the second world war. In addition to their stark depictions of the aftermath of the bombing, the final parts graphically illustrate atrocities committed by the former Japanese army, such as beheadings.
The Japan Times reported that 44 of 49 school principals in the city want the curbs lifted.
The Matsue city school board is due to meet on Monday 26 August to reconsider its decision.


Japanese school board bans acclaimed anti-war manga
- Hadashi No Gen (Barefoot Gen), about aftermath of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima, was removed from libraries in Matsue city -

By Liz Bury

Theguardian.com, Monday 26 August 2013 11.45 BST
Jump to comments (23)
Read more : http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/aug/26/japan-school-board-bans-manga-hadashi-no-gen

 血と汗と涙で得た平和をかんたんに手離していいんだろうかと伝えたい作者、中沢啓治と、その気持ちを若者たちに素直に話してほしいと願う若い広島のバーのオーナーがコラボした企画のビデオが残っています。
 まだ8月は終っていません。ぜひヘッドホンをつけてもう北風も吹き渡ってくるようになりましたので、周りが静かになったころを見計らって聴いてみてください、とのヤッホー君からのミッションです:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BLtQMkFarzI

 このバーは今年も、いや被爆体験の聴講会は毎月、開いているというのですから大したものです…

 火災により臨時休業を続けていた広島・本通り近くのカフェバー「BAR swallowtail(スワロウテイル)本通店」(広島市中区本通、Tel 082-577-3270)が8月16日、リニューアルオープンを果たした。

 同店は今年1月、2階フロアからの出火によって店が半焼。火災原因は現在も不明で、2階は骨組みを除いて全焼した。休業中には、週末のみ深夜営業を行ってきた隣接するカレー店「ガリバー」(本通)の営業時間を平日も延ばして対応。スタッフもオーナー冨恵洋次郎さんの知り合いの飲食店で働くなどして踏ん張った。

 毎月6日に同店で開く被爆体験の聴講会は休業中も続けた。「やめられなかった」と冨恵さん。袋町の馬刺し専門飲食店「馬一」の協力を得て、約半年間、会場を移して開いた。火災後、再建に向けた工事は6月に入ってから着手。8月には、ほとんど工事も完了したため、同店で聴講会を開いた。


広島・本通のカフェバー「スワロウテイル」が営業再開−火災休業から復活
2012年09月20日付け広島経済新聞
http://hiroshima.keizai.biz/headline/1457/

第93回 原爆の語り部〜被爆体験者の証言〜-2013年08月03日
今回は8月という事で、いくつかイベントがございます。
被爆証言者は中西巌(なかにし いわお)さん、15歳の時、爆心地から2.7キロ離れた場所で被爆。
日時:2013年8月6日(火)
18:30〜開場
19:00〜原爆の火 キャンドルサービス
19:10〜FUNKIST アコースティックライブ(Vo:染谷西郷&Gt:宮田泰治)
19:50〜久保さん 原爆の詩の朗読
20:00〜中西さん 被爆証言
場所:BAR swallowtail 本通店2階
会費:¥1000-※今回はドリンク提供はありませんので、必要な方も持ち込みでも大丈夫です。
定員:35名ほど
※嬉しい事に参加者が増えてきました。予約をして頂けると、確実に席をご用意いたしますので、事前に連絡下さい。

http://swallowtail.e-know.jp/

 そして作者の追悼番組も見て聴いて感じてくださいますよう…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5-P_bd-sew

posted by fom_club at 15:37| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月27日

velotaxi

 ペナンと同様、2008年7月、マレーシアでは初のUNESCO世界文化遺産に登録された町、マラッカ。
 夢が実現、という物語が「ザ・スター紙」に掲載されていましたのでご紹介。

MALACCA: Historic City trishaw-rider S.R. Thiru has been yearning to own a motorcycle since his teenage days but never had a chance to buy one due to his financial constraint.

The 62-year-old father of six from Tengkera had to shelf his intention of riding the machine as his earnings was just adequate for his family since the 1980s.

Many quarters also took advantage of his eagerness on owning a motorcycle by organising fund-raising events but never showed up once the money was collected.

Malacca’s Two-Wheeler Club advisor Tan Jeok Kwang was then informed by his members that Thiru was hoping to own a motorcycle since 1990s but had fallen prey to a myriad of scams.

It was then that the club initiated an effort to have a machine procured for him.
“I was only told about Thiru’s plight recently and decided to contact my friends to make his dream come true.

“I learnt that Thiru’s children are earning meagre incomes and still needed their father’s monetary assistance,” he said.

Tan said his message posted on Facebook received overwhelming response including from the state’s Tourism Promotion Divisions general manager Abdul Kadir Md Idris and Holiday Inn marketing. communications assistant manager Eric Ong.

They volunteered to be part of the mission to get Thiru his dream machine.

Dream fulfilled for trishaw rider

R.S.N. MURALI

The Star, Updated: Friday April 26, 2013 MYT 1:01:42 AM

Read more : http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Community/2013/04/05/Dream-fulfilled-for-trishaw-rider.aspx

 トライショウのペダルを踏む人たちはほんとうにお年寄りばかり、でもクルマで大渋滞するなかをすいすいとお客様を乗せて走っていきます。
 今度はクアンタンでのお話。
 パハン州の州都クアンタンはクアラルンプールからマレー半島を横断してほぼ反対側の東海岸に位置します。

トライショウ.jpg

KUANTAN: Trishaw peddler Mat Osman cycles around town every day, covering about 5km in a day’s work.

The senior citizen, who takes pride in his job, also makes sure that the Jalur Gemilang is prominently displayed on his trishaw.

“I want to help remind people about the coming Merdeka celebrations,” said Mat, 62, who is married with two grown up children.

Mat, who has been a trishawman for the past three decades, said he found it upsetting that not many people were now displaying the Malaysian flag.

“Previously, I noticed that the buildings in town are full of the national flags, making Kuantan colourful. It does not seem to be this way anymore,” he said.

“Don’t we have the spirit of celebrating Independence Day?” he asked.

However, Mat said he would keep going although many of his friends had given up being a trishaw peddler.

“Many of my them have retired due to old age.
“Besides, it is no longer practical to pedal a trishaw on the streets of Kuantan due to the heavy traffic,” he said.


Man shows Malaysian pride aboard his trishaw

By NIK NAIZI HUSIN

The Star,Updated: Tuesday August 27, 2013 MYT 9:32:09 AM

Read more : http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2013/08/27/Man-shows-Malaysian-pride-aboard-his-trishaw.aspx

 そうなんです、このトライショウ、ヤッホー君の言う「イーチャリ」です。皆んなクルマに切り替えて、街中、渋滞が激しくなるなかで、「まちづくり」の視点でもいま(!)、見直されてきているんですよ!

わが国の多くの地方都市では、自動車利用が前提となった「まちづくり」を行なってきた結果、中心市街地から撤退した都市機能が郊外部へと拡散的に広がり、自動車なしでは生活できない都市構造となってしまった。全地球的に環境問題への関心が高まるなか、自動車利用を抑制し、公共交通や自転車利用へと転換することは、自動車からの排出ガスを削減するために最も効果的な施策の1つと考えられる。過度に自動車に依存せずに生活できる都市構造への転換を図っていくことは、今後、超高齢化社会を迎えるわが国の都市における喫緊の課題とも言える。

このようななか、排気ガスを発生しない自転車を活用した公共交通が注目されている。

1997年にドイツ・ベルリンで運行が開始されたベロタクシーは、環境にやさしい乗り物として市民や行政の支持を得て、現在では約80台が運行されている。

日本では2002年の京都での運行を皮切りにその後、東京、大阪、名古屋などの大都市をはじめ、全国の地方都市にまで拡大している。

アジアでは、インドネシアのベチャ、ベトナムのシクロ、マレーシアのトライショーなど、古くから独自のスタイルを持つ自転車タクシーが見られ、通勤通学や買い物など日常の移動手段として幅広く利用されており、市民にとっては欠かせない交通機関となっている。


ベロタクシーの国内での運行実態と今後の課題(2009年3月)

内田 晃(北九州市立大学都市政策研究所教授)

https://kitakyu.repo.nii.ac.jp/?action=repository_uri&item_id=298&file_id=22&file_no=1

posted by fom_club at 11:49| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月26日

ジャパニメーション

 8月24日土曜日のお昼すぎ、「交流広場」でナシルマッをいただき、ヤッホー君は特設の「ショッカーステージ」で留学生が生演奏してくれる歌をしばらく聞いたりしたあと、「プラザ平成」に入りました。
 3Fの「メインホワイエ」での「日本文化体験、華道・書道・茶道」にチャンレンジする留学生を目にしたあと、「国際交流会議場」へ。
 いつも童心を絶やさないヤッホー君、「キャラクターショー ドラえもん」を見ようとの算段です。

ドラエモン.jpg

 このドラえもんですが、「アニメを通じた日本文化の普及、日本の理解促進のため、2008(平成20)年3月19日にアニメ文化大使(Anime Ambassador)に就任しており」ます。これを発案したのは、2006年11月、当時の麻生太郎外務大臣でした。
 ドラえもん氏は、2008年6月17日にインドネシアを訪れますが、マレーシアには翌2009年1月17日(土)に訪問しております。

在マレーシア日本国大使館及び国際交流基金クアラルンプール日本文化センター主催の日本映画上映会が、マレーシア・フィルム開発公社(FINAS)で行なわれ、会場には実物大のドラえもんとのび太が登場しました。

(在マレーシア日本国大使館、広報文化部)
http://www.my.emb-japan.go.jp/Japanese/JIS/exchange/doraemon08/doraemon08a_jpn.htm

 マレーシアでは今月東映アニメのマレーシア進出で現地紙 New Straits Times が賑わっていました:

JAPANESE animation production company Toei Animation Co Ltd is looking to make greater inroads in Malaysia with its film sales and merchandising items.

The company's managing director Hiroyuki Kinoshita said the Tokyo-based firm, which is in talk with Malaysian television stations including TV3 and NTV7, currently has between five and six of its television series screened locally.

"Five years ago, Malaysian sales contributed almost zero to our revenue but we have slowly seen an increase and will like the big TV stations here to use our films as we go about promoting our merchandise," he told Business Times during a trip to Penang recently.

Toei Animation was established in 1956 and has, to date, produced 200 television series with more than 11,000 episodes...

Among its works are feature films such as "The White Snake" and "Puss 'N Boots" and series such as "Ken, the Wild Boy", "Dragon Ball", "Sailor Moon", "Digimon Adventure" and "One Piece".

The bulk of Toei's production activities has been carried out in the Philippines for the past 25 years where it employs over 200 people.

It has subsidiaries in the US, France and Hong Kong and reported annual sales of US$340 million (RM1.1 billion) in 2012.

"Sales for us in Southeast Asia are becoming more and more important," Kinoshita said, owing to the region's rapid growth and younger generation population base.

"We have seen growth in Thailand over the last three years and with the inroads we have made in countries like South Korea, Taiwan and China, we think the time is right to increase our visibility in Malaysia."...


Read more: Toei Animation plans greater inroads in Malaysia http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/articles/TOEI/Article/

 「東映アニメーション株式会社」には4回のインタビューを行ない、その成果を著した研究に、白盛(王へんに秀吉の秀) Baeg SEONG SOO 『アジアにおける日本のアニメーション産業の展開−アニメーションの国際共同制作からみえてくるもの−』があります。ぜひご一読を:

 近年日本のアニメーションはアメリカと肩をならべるくらい産業的に成長しただけではなく、「ジャパニメーション」と呼ばれる独特な日本文化として世界的に認められるようになった。
 しかし日本社会においてアニメーションは「文化」というよりは「娯楽」として扱われることが多かった。
 世界の各国で日本が作り出したアニメーション作品に関心が高まり、文化として言及されるのに対し、一般の日本人は最初戸惑いさえ感じていたと思われる。
 しかしデジタルメディアにおいてアニメーションが持つコンテンツとしての経済効果の価値が期待され、人びとの意識も変わり、社会全般的に日本の文化産業の財産として認められるようになってきた⑴。
⑴ しかしこのような大きな流れの中で、大塚英志のように日本のアニメーションが「ジャパニメーション」という名で、国策化されていくことに対し強く反発する人々もいる(大塚英志/大澤信亮『「ジャパニメーション」はなぜ敗れるか』角川oneテーマ21、2005)


(国際コミュニケーション学科、白盛(王へんに秀吉の秀) Baeg SEONG SOO、2009(平成21)年度第22号神田外語大学紀要)
http://www.kandagaigo.ac.jp/kuis/about/bulletin/jp/022/

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2013年08月25日

ナシルマッ

 こうして覗いてみた「国際交流フェスティバル」。
 まずは、マレーシアのブースにご挨拶。
 300円のナシルマッと200円のサテーと50円のすいか味氷でお食事。
 懐かしい味が口のなかに広がりました。
 ヤッホー君、一度、ナシルマッに挑戦して自分で炊いてみようかな、と。
 できたら、山歩クラブ「スローフードと山の会」にご提供だい、って。

P8240003.jpg

P8240004.jpg

P8240005.jpg

ココナッツミルクで炊いたご飯にチリソースや、小魚のフライ(イカン・ビリス)、等を添えたマレー人の代表的な朝食メニュー。店によっては、カレーが添えられることもあります。

Nasi Lemak ナシルマッ

マレーシアグルメ図鑑・マレー料理

マレーシア政府観光局

http://www.tourismmalaysia.or.jp/gourmet/malay-nyonya.html#malay

下味をつけた鶏肉や牛、羊肉等を串に刺して炭火焼した、マレー風焼き鳥。甘辛のピーナッツソースを付けていただきます。

Satay サテー


 いや、ね、ナシルマッって映画があって、多民族、多宗教の国柄だけにいろんな食べ物、いろんな歌や踊りがあるんだけど、それでひとつのマレーシア、1(サトッ)マレーシアで良かったね、のような映画があり、昨年2012年3月の「第7回大阪アジアン映画祭」で「来るべき才能賞」を受賞、という映画があるのでご紹介。
 残念ながら本邦未公開のまま、みたい: Nasi Lemak 2.0

In an exclusive email interview, the Hantu Gangster director, whose real name is Wee Meng Chee, said it comes as a surprise to him. “I didn’t get involved in the commercial side of the film. But my producer, Fred Chong, met the Japanese buyer when both of us attended the Osaka Asian Film Festival in April.

“The film was well-received and it took me by surprise when I was awarded the Asia New Best Director at the festival,” he added. The award was presented by renowned Hong Kong director Peter Chan, whose recent works included Wu Xia, Bodyguards & Assassins and Warlords.

Wee added that the Japanese rights deal was signed when they (him and Chong) met the Japanese buyer again at the Puchon Fantastic Film Festival, where Nasi Lemak 2.0 was also selected as the official entry.

Besides Osaka, the film was also selected for screening at the Taipei’s Golden Horse Film Festival in 2011, Okinawa Film Festival (2012) and New York Asian Film Festival (2012).


New Staraits Times, 02 October 2012| last updated at 08:04PM

- IT seems that things have finally taken a turn for the better for singer, songwriter and rapper Namewee. His 2011 hit movie Nasi Lemak 2.0, a zany comedy which focuses on racial unity and the spirit of 1Malaysia, will be screened in Japan. However, the official release dates have yet to be finalised. -

Read more: SHOWBIZ: Namewee on cloud nine - General - New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/showbiz-namewee-on-cloud-nine-1.151024#ixzz2cvwyoYck

 映画のテーマ曲がYouTubeで聞くことができます。クリックするときは、周囲に注意してくださいね:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vho51wA4KKI

 もうひとつ、おまけに、「ラササヤン」の歌です:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yQVwOSZYMWk
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留学生30万人計画

 ペナン図書館で、中学生たちにジャパンに留学するんだよって励ましてきたヤッホー君、さっそく現状を調べてみました:

 政府は2008年、「留学生30万人計画」を打ち出し、2020年までに優秀な海外留学生30万人の受け入れを目標に、国内の有力大学と連携して海外での共同利用事務所の設置を進めてきた。
 だが、英語での講義が少ないことや物価が高いといったイメージから人気は低迷。昨年2012年5月現在、13.8万人にとどまっている。
 新たな留学生獲得作戦は「留学+就職」で展開。大学の国際ネットワークを形成する政府の「グローバル30」に参加する東京大、京都大、東北大、筑波大、名古屋大、九州大、早稲田大、立命館大の8大学が、インドやベトナム、エジプトなどで運営する海外事務所や各国の日本政府系施設に補助金を投入。他大学の活用も容易にし、大学の英語での講義の充実ぶりをPRする。
 さらに、海外の若者の日本の大学への関心は低い半面、日本の有名企業への就職には関心が高いことに着目。留学生が日本の大学を卒業後、日本で就職しやすい枠組みを作る。留学生は、日本企業で世界トップクラスの技術を習得でき、企業は留学生の母国でビジネス展開する際、日本の職業慣習と現地語ができる有能な人材を確保できる。


文科省:留学生増へ「就職」一体 20年までに海外から30万人−−促進策

毎日新聞/福田隆2013年05月28日東京朝刊

http://mainichi.jp/feature/news/20130528ddm008100058000c.html

 文部科学省は面白いQ&Aを公開しております。この「留学生30万人計画」は特定の国だけを利するおそれありとの抗議が殺到したか、殺到することをあらかじめ想定しての予防線なのでしょうか、なんともフ・シ・ギ・・・ 

Q 国費外国人留学生制度においては、中国人留学生が大半を占めているのではないですか。

A-1 国費留学生総数は、2012(平成24)年5月現在で8,588人です。このうち中国籍の国費留学生は1,411人と国費留学生全体の16%程度であり、国費外国人留学生制度の予算の大半を中国人留学生に支給しているということはありません。

A-2 なお、国別の留学生総数と、そのうち国費留学生数の割合についても中国は総数86,324人のうちの1,411人と中国人留学生総数の1.6%であり、全体13.8万人のうちの国費留学生8,588人の割合6.2%と比しても低い割合となっています。


今後の留学生政策について

2013(平成25)年8月8日文部科学省

詳しくは、http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/koutou/ryugaku/1338568.htm参照

 マレーシアってどうなってるの?と思いますと、中国、韓国、台湾からの留学生を合わせると、全留学生に占める割合は78.2&%(前年度79.5%)となっているなかで、インドネシア、タイよりも多い数の留学生がおります。独立行政法人日本学生支援機構の2012(平成24)年5月1日現在の留学生数調査報告からです;

マレーシア 留学生数2,319人(2,417人) 構成比1.7%(1.8%)
(   )内は平成23年5月1日現在の数


出身国(地域)別留学生数

詳しくは、http://www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/data12.html参照

 この日本学生支援機構の施設、東京国際交流館で昨8月24日土曜日、イベントがあったのでヤッホー君は、門前仲町からバスに乗って行ってきたのだそうです:

交流館.jpg

 東京国際交流館では、入居する外国人留学生、日本人学生、内外の研究者が相互交流を図るとともに、大学生、近隣住民等多くの方々に対し様々な国の文化に触れ合う機会を提供し、交流を通じ国際理解を深めることを目的に「2013年東京国際交流館国際交流フェスティバル」を開催いたします。

 今年のテーマは、「体感!!世界に羽ばたくJapanese Entertainment」です。

 大人から子どもまで楽しめるプログラムを数多く用意していますので、ご家族、ご友人といっしょに東京国際交流館国際交流フェスティバルでお楽しみください。

 日時:2013(平成25)年8月24日(土曜日)11時00分-21時00分
 会場:東京国際交流館(江東区青海2-2-1 国際研究交流大学村内)


2013年国際交流フェスティバル実施

(独法)日本学生支援機構

http://www.jasso.go.jp/tiec/festival13.html

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2013年08月24日

ペナン消費者協会

はっちゃんがどうしても山歩クラブ(英文名 Friends of Mountains, FOM)の皆さんに「私のお仕事」を知らせて、とのお達しにより、記者会見した結果が新聞紙上にて、一般家庭の主婦、消費者、生活者にも注意喚起ができたものとして、以下を添付します。マレーシアの新聞"The Star"紙8月22日に掲載されたものです。

PETALING JAYA: Disposable plastic food containers and water bottles should be disposed of after single use, an expert has cautioned.

Jah.jpg

Universiti Malaya toxicologist Prof Dr Mustafa Ali Mohd said people should not re-use such disposable items as there were health hazards.

“If the plastic containers are re-used many times, harmful chemicals could leach into the food,” he said, adding that plastic bags should also not be used to pack hot soups or drinks.

He said harder plastic containers usually contained bisphenol A (BPA) while the softer containers contain phthalates, both of which could disrupt the endocrine system.

BPA could cause delay in puberty development while phthalates could cause obesity, he said.

In a study dividing the subjects based on their urinary concentrations of BPA, researchers found obesity odds increased with higher levels of the chemical.

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned BPA from baby bottles and sippy cups in July last year due to concerns that the chemical could interfere with a child’s development.

Dr Mustafa said plastic feeding bottles should be changed once every three months and earlier if they become scratched or cloudy in colour.

On a study he carried out on 200 babies in the Klang Valley, he said 88% of them had BPA in their blood and this included newborns, suggesting that it was transferred from their mothers who were exposed to it.

Consumers Association of Penang (CAP) research officer Hatijah Hashim said CAP was totally against the use of plastics for storing food.

She said besides affecting human health, such plastics were made from non-renewable resources and were harmful to the environment.

Hatijah said people could use stainless steel tiffin carriers to pack food and stainless steel or glass bottles to store drinking water.


Don't re-use plastic containers as there are health hazards, says toxicologist

By LOH FOON FONG

The Star, Updated: Thursday August 22, 2013 MYT 7:26:57 AM

Read more : http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2013/08/22/Dispose-plastic-containers-Dont-reuse-as-there-are-health-hazards-says-toxicologist.aspx

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ペナン図書館

 6月20日より8月20日まで長期滞在となったのがマレーシア・ペナン(2008年7月、ユネスコ世界文化遺産に登録されています)、そこでほとんど毎日通ったのが、「ペナン図書館Penang Public Library George Town Branch」です。

 ブランチとあるのは、島から半島に「ペナン大橋」を渡っていったところに、Head Officeがあるからです。
 「ペナン大橋」といいますのは、1985年9月にできた長さ13.5kmの橋ですが、淡路島の約半分ほどの島にもうひとつ、この10月に「第二大橋」が完成する予定です。この橋は長さ24Kmですので、マレーシアはもとより東南アジアで最長を誇ることになります(ちなみに本州四国連絡橋のうち1999年開通した瀬戸内しまなみ海道は全長59.4km、橋梁部9.5kmですので、おおよその想像はできると思います)。

 図書館には、入館するためにIDカード(身分証明書)をだして会員にならなければなりませんが、家内が会員です。55歳以上は、会費無料、パソコン使用料も一時間無料と高齢者への特典があります。
 開館時間は水曜日から日曜日まで、国民の祝日を除く9時45分から6時まで、です(ラマダンという断食月は今年は7月9日から8月8日まででしたが、この1ヶ月間は9時15分から5時半まで、です)。

 ところで、このペナン島の図書館の歴史は古い!もともとペナンも、古いのですが。 
 ペナンは、日本の歴史ですと、1786年8月に田沼意次が失脚となっていますが、その頃まで遡ります。ペナンはイギリスが開発した自由貿易港として栄えていくのですが、きっかけはイギリスの貿易商フランシス・ライト(1740 –1794、注1)が1786年、ペナン島東部へ上陸、「イギリス皇太子の誕生日前日の8月11日にユニオン・ジャックを掲げ、イギリスの領有を宣言する。それにちなみ、ライトはペナン島の名称をプリンス・オブ・ウェールズ島と改め、東の岬に形成した最初の町の名前をジョージ3世にちなんでジョージタウンと名づけた」(ウイキペディア)。

 図書館の創設は、19世紀初めの1817年まで遡ります。
 Prince of Wales Island Libraryと言いまして、ペナン島に居住している英国人だけが利用するものでした。日本の歴史ですとその10年前の1807(文化4)年9月20日に江戸深川の永代橋が崩落し、死者・行方不明者1400人以上といわれています(ウイキペディア)。

 それからおよそ200年後の2013年夏の館内は、たくさんの子どもたちが机をかこんで勉強しています。
 閉館間際になりますと、親御さんたちのお迎えのクルマ、バイクでいっぱいになります。
 女の子がバイクの後ろに乗って、お父さんの腰につかまって家路を急ぐ光景を見ていると、目頭が熱くなります。
 図書館で知り合った中学生くらいの4、5人の子どもたちのグループとはすっかりうちとけてきています。アーユージャパニーズ、チャイニーズ?と聞いてきます。ジャパニーズだよって答えると、アーユーエンジニア?と聞いてきます。勉強、しっかりがんばるんだよ、留学でジャパンに来るんだよって励ましてきました!

 図書館1階ロビーで、7月6日から16日まで「絵画を通して両国間の友情を育てよう」をテーマに190点もの小中学校生徒の絵が公開されていました(注2)。
 1994年からはじまったこの企画、いまでは首都やサバ州などマレーシア各地に広がって展示され、19回目の今年はなんと両国合わせて1800点もの応募があったそうです。

 団体はいま、埼玉県のNPO法人「メイあさかセンター」となって活躍中。
 代表の尾池富美子さんは昨秋、マレーシア国王夫妻来日に際し宮中晩餐会に外務省推薦で招待され、また今年初めには天皇皇后両陛下のお茶会に御所に参内したほどです。


(注1)ブログhttp://blogs.dion.ne.jp/fom_club/archives/2013-07-1.html
 2013年7月6日付け日記 Captain Francis Light参照。

(注2)ブログ同URL、2013年7月11日付け日記 Captain Francis Light参照。

posted by fom_club at 07:35| Comment(0) | TrackBack(0) | 日記 | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2013年08月23日

The shadow from Yasukuni

Even this morning, it seems that Mr Yahho might be still sitting down to study in the Penang Library. Today he is thinking about the China:

(1) Attitude toward history

China Daily, updated: 2013-08-22 07:36

Read more : http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2013-08/22/content_16912916.htm

(2) Mr Yahho knows Prof Rana Mitter through the following, very interesting column of New Straits Times, 21 August 2013:

AROUND this time of year, speculation in Asia always runs high as to whether Japan's prime minister or other prominent politicians will visit the Yasukuni Shrine. The shrine, which honours more than a thousand indicted war criminals who took part in Japan's disastrous war in Asia, remains a place of fascination for Japanese rightists, who persist in claiming that Japan's war in Asia was a war of liberation against Western imperialism.
This claim sounds particularly hollow in China and Korea, which suffered horrifically from Imperial Japan's invasion and occupation of much of Asia. Yet, there has always been a jarring element in official Chinese protests against the Yasukuni Shrine visits. Such visits are condemned as insensitive to the feelings of the Chinese people. But, just as Japanese conservatives are rightly taken to task for refusing to acknowledge the horrors of their country's colonialist past, so China would do well to expand discussion of its own wartime history at home.
For many decades, under Mao Zedong, the only acceptable version of China's wartime experience was that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) spearheaded the resistance against the Japanese, honing its armies while preparing one of the world's most significant social revolutions. Meanwhile, China's Nationalist (Kuomintang) government under Chiang Kai-shek, weakened by incompetence and corruption, did little to oppose the Japanese.
Yet, in recent years, research from China itself has shown the enormous scale and cost of the war against Japan. Fourteen million or more Chinese were killed from 1937 to 1945, and 80-100 million became refugees. And the invasion destroyed China's roads, railways, and factories.
But other significant changes also began to occur during that period. As the bombs fell on China's wartime nationalist capital, Chongqing, the social contract between state and society became more important. The state demanded more from its people, including conscription and ever-higher taxes; but the people also began to demand more from their government, including adequate food provision, hygiene and medical care. To understand why the war changed China so profoundly, historians had to move away from treating the 1937-1945 period as a simple story of an inevitable communist victory.
Thus, in the last two decades, China has started remembering its own war history anew. It helped that the Chinese government has been keen to encourage reunification with Taiwan, meaning that a more favourable view of the Nationalist government has appeared on the mainland. Indeed, in recent years, the nationalists' reputation in the People's Republic has been rehabilitated in ways unimaginable just a quarter-century ago...


The shadow from Yasukuni

By Rana Mitter

New Straits Times, 21 August 2013, last updated at 11:22PM

Read more : http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/the-shadow-from-yasukuni-1.341096?

(3) Prof Rana Mitter published the book, "Chinas War With Japan 1937-1945, The Struggle for Survival (Hardcover)" published by Allen Lane (27 Jun 2013):

The China theater of World War II is sometimes forgotten today in the West. But one historian aims to change that, Andrew Moody in Oxford reports.

Rana Mitter is determined to shed light on what is often seen in the West - although clearly not in China - as the forgotten war.

Despite killing up to 20 million people, including many savagely such as in the infamous Nanjing Massacre, and creating between 80 and 100 million refugees, China's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937-45) is often treated as a World War II sideshow.

"I thought it was one of the great untold stories of the 20th century and certainly the World War II period," he says...


History and forgetting

By Andrew Moody

China Daily, updated 2013-06-18 07:24

Read more : http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cndy/2013-06/18/content_16631808.htm

(4) Please refer the following two book reviews from the Guardian

# China's War With Japan by Rana Mitter – review
- An excellent account of the Sino-Japanese conflict argues that it had a profound impact on the course of the second world war -

By Delia Davin

The Observer, Sunday 30 June 2013

Read more : http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/jun/06/china-war-japan-rana-mitter-review

# China’s War with Japan, by Rana Mitter - review
- While the second world war raged in Europe, a separate conflict was devastating China, whose effects still linger to this day, says Jonathan Mirsky -

By Jonathan Mirsky

The Spectator magazine, 22 June 2013

Read more : http://www.spectator.co.uk/books/books-feature/8938411/chinas-war-with-japan-by-rana-mitter-review/

# China's War with Japan, 1937-1945: The Struggle for Survival by Rana Mitter – review
- The first full account of China's resistance against Japan restores a vital part of the wartime narrative to its rightful place -

By Richard Overy

The Guardian, Thursday 6 June 2013 12.00 BST

Read more : http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/jun/06/china-war-japan-rana-mitter-review

(5) Also you can attend the conference as under:

# About the Speech:

China's harrowing experience of constant warfare between 1937 and 1949 has played a major role in shaping the nation's worldview. Combining a historical analysis of wartime China and an assessment of China's future goals in domestic and foreign policy, Professor Rana Mitter will provide a unique insight into how China operates as a global power in the 21st century.

# About the Speaker:

Rana Mitter is Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, and a Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford. He is the author of A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World (2004), and Modern China: A Very Short Introduction (2008).

Attend more : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_xx8STUQ1KM

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2013年08月22日

Asean Day

Asean Day celebrations postponed to Aug 23

By Veeramalla Anjaiah

The Jakarta Post, Publication Date : 11-08-2013

Due to the long Idul Fitri holiday, the Asean Secretariat has postponed the 46th Asean Day celebration to August 23, it said in a press release.
Asean Day falls on August 8 every year. This year, Idul Fitri coincided with Asean Day in Indonesia. Indonesia declared public holidays on Thursday and Friday.
On Aug 8, 1967, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines established the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) in Bangkok. Current Asean chair Brunei Darussalam joined Asean in 1984, Vietnam in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997 and Cambodia in 1999.The Asean Secretariat is based in Jakarta.
Asean Secretary-General Le Luong Minh issued a statement on Thursday regarding the 2013 Asean Day. Several Asean leaders, including Brunei Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, also issued special messages to mark the occasion.
"Today we are celebrating 46 years of Asean. Each year, Asean Day provides us with an opportunity for reflection and greater action,” Minh said in a message sent to The Jakarta Post.
“In essence, Asean is really about its people building a community and a future together. Asean Day reminds us of a dream that we are now turning into reality”.
The Asean Secretariat in Jakarta said that the 46th Asean Day celebrations will be held on August 23 at its office. There will be a book launching ceremony and a cultural performance.
The new book is “Asean Human Rights Declaration and Phnom Penh Statement on adoption of the AHRD” and there will be a panel discussion that features Indonesia’s Permananent Representative to Asean Ambassador I Gede Ngurah Swajaya and E. Rosario G. Manalo, Representative of the Philippines to AICHR.
With its 617 million people and a combined GDP (at current prices) of US$2.31 trillion, Asean is not only developing into a rules-based organisation with its own charter and legal entity from a loose regional grouping but also poised to become a community by the end of 2015. Since it is an inter-governmental organisation, many people criticise Asean for not being a people-centred organisation.


Read more : http://asianewsnet.net/Asean-Day-celebrations-postponed-to-Aug-23-50151.html

New Straits Times, 03 August 2013, last updated at 11:54PM

Dr M an outstanding statesman: China

BANGKOK -- China's Foreign Minister Wang Yi has described former Malaysian Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad as a truly outstanding Asean statesman with a strategic vision for understanding that a bigger and stronger China will benefit its neighbours.
"As Dr Mahathir pointed out years ago, China's develoment brings benefits to the neighbouring countries.
It is an opportunity, rather than a threat," Wang said in a speech at the opening of the High-Level Forum on the 10th Anniversary of the Asean-China Strategic Partnership here yesterday.
"I believe that Dr Mahathir did not make a casual comment here. He has a deep understanding of China," he said...


Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/latest/dr-m-an-outstanding-statesman-china-1.332082#ixzz2cc5UEvPj

China invests in south-east Asia for trade, food, energy and resources

- Beijing's growing stake in Asean, the region's economic bloc, part of a calculated bid for greater military and political influence -

Kate Hodal in Bangkok

The Guardian, Thursday 22 March 2012 15.45 GMT

In 2015, south-east Asia will become one sprawling economic zone encompassing Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines and Brunei.
Already bound by myriad political and trade agreements, these 10 countries comprising Asean (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) account for 9% of the world's population – with some 600 million people, twice the size of the US – and have a combined GDP of $1.8tn (£1.14tn).
China has long had one foot in the region, which is home to rich oil, gas, mineral, hydropower, rice, palm oil, coffee and timber resources. By 2015, however, bilateral trading between China and Asean, which began with a fair-trade agreement in 2010, will have more than doubled from $231bn to $500bn, making China Asean's biggest trading partner, according to China expert Dr Ken Shao of Australia's Murdoch University.
"China's investment in south-east Asia is growing at a double-digit speed annually," says Shao. "In 2011 to 2012, China's top six investment destinations in south-east Asia were Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore – with textiles, electrics, steel, shipbuilding, chemical and IT popular investment themes."
Beijing hopes to pull even more purse strings by establishing a regional Asean bank – a so-called "mini Asian development bank" – to help small and medium businesses invest, fund infrastructure projects and promote development in south-western China, independent sources recently told Reuters.
Already the provider of more loans to developing countries than the World Bank, according to research by the Financial Times, China finances numerous agricultural, hydropower, housing, railway, roadworks and mining projects in the region, particularly in Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Vietnam and the Philippines.
While many Asean countries have welcomed China's investment – such as the $6bn Brunei-Chinese refinery deal inked in November – some have distanced themselves geopolitically from Beijing.
Last year Burma shelved a Chinese-funded $3.6bn dam on the Irrawaddy river, citing environmental concerns, though analysts believe the move was intended to block China's military and political influence over the country.
While the long-term impact of China's many hydroelectric projects are increasingly questioned both regionally and abroad, from Beijing they can be seen as a part of a wider effort to "divert water resources for Chinese use", according to Dr Larry Wortzel of the US-China Security Review Commission, as well as "move and control low-level value manufacturing, like textiles, to south-east Asia, [and] have access to rice, vegetables and fruits, and extract natural resources".
Wildlife groups say Chinese demand for traditional medicine and exotic meats accounts for its strong hold over the illegal wildlife trade across south-east Asia, including tigers, turtles and pangolins. Militarily, China is amping-up its presence in the region, where it has historically supplied assistance to Burma, Cambodia and Laos.The region's best-funded military is engaged in a longstanding dispute with the Philippines over the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea (which many other Asean nations also hold partial claim to) and will not shy from using force to intimidate its neighbours, says Wortzel, as Beijing "will not yield on territorial claims in the region".
"One advantage Beijing has it that the Asean states have avoided becoming a military alliance – and they do not fully trust each other – so Beijing faces no major foe," Wortzel says. Next month, however, the Philippines and US will hold joint military drills near the Spratly Islands – a move China has not yet responded to.

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2013年08月21日

a knowledge society

With the heat searing through, Mr Yahho now still misses the knowledgeable atmosphere in Penang public library! Here in Tokyo, it is hotter and more humid than in Penang, Malaysia!!

The Penang Public Library George Town Branch is located along Scotland Road in George Town, Penang. The library can trace its history to 1817, when a committee was formed to found a library. In those early days, the library was called the Prince of Wales Island Library. It was exclusively for the use of the British personnel living in Penang. R. Ibbetson was the librarian while David Brown acted as treasurer.

To join the library, subscribers had to contribute a donation of $25.00 and provide a monthly subscription of $4.00. Needless to say, only the well-to-do is able to become subscribers - and in early 19th century Penang, the only group to be literate. As there was no clerical staff to man the library, the subscribers themselves are entrusted the duty to enter their name and title of the book they are borrowing into the register. The amount of time allowed for borrowing a book is dependent of its size and age. Older books can be borrowed for longer time while newer ones for shorter period.

In 1883, with the completion of the Town Hall, the library - by then already known as the Penang Library - was moved there. It stayed at the Town Hall until it was shifted to the Penang Supreme Court building in 1905. The library remained at the Penang Supreme Court building until the Second World War broke out, causing much damage to the library and its collection.

In the 1970's, the Penang Public Library moved to Dewan Sri Pinang, where it stayed until the 1990's. Today, the library has expanded to include several branches. Its head office is now at Jalan Perpustakaan, Seberang Jaya.

The Penang Public Library (George Town Branch), which includes the children's library, is located at Scotland Road, and is open Wednesdays to Sundays from 9:45 am to 6:00 pm. The main gate of the library is at Piggot Road.


Read more : http://www.penang-traveltips.com/penang-public-library.htm

Japanese, M'sian students' art on display

- PICTURE PERFECT: The top 190 of over 1,800 entries from primary and secondary school students from both countries are on display at George Town public library -


By RAHMAT KHAIRULRIJAL

New Straita Times, 12 July 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/japanese-m-sian-students-art-on-display-1.317461#ixzz2cZm0jlsO

PRIME Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak hit the nail on the head when he commented that libraries need a new lease on life.

His twitter message, "Rejuvenate the libraries in order to remain relevant to society", says it all. It is more than just keeping the reading culture alive.

It is difficult to picture a "knowledge society" without libraries as anchor institutions for it to thrive.

We have disproportionately more shopping malls than libraries because we are a consumerist society.

If there are bookstores at those complexes, many tomes are wrapped in plastic and there are no browsing copies available...

I can count offhand the number of stores that have closed down in Penang in recent years.

One of the largest bookstores at a premier shopping mall recently reduced its floor space to about a third with a garment outlet occupying the rest!

The bookstore is now a three-in-one -- it shares space with an electronic shop and a café!

Naturally, the selection of books and reading materials has dwindled remarkably.

In this sad scenario, a library as a public service institution is a much welcomed alternative...

Science fiction writer Isaac Asimov said: "For an impoverished child whose family could not afford to buy books, the library was the open door to wonder and achievement, and I can never be sufficiently grateful that I had the wit to charge through that door and make the most of it."...

Najib's call to "rejuvenate" libraries recognises the need to reinvent and transform what it means for the millennial generation with the emerging semantic web as one of the tools to enhance the definition of a knowledge society.

The most important of all is to humanise the library by having a people-first strategy as a change agent and creating public value and social equity that will impact changing realities and literacies.

Libraries should be linked to culture, information and knowledge in order to co-create to ensure quality of life and promote human dignity and wisdom.


PERSPECTIVE: Breathing new life into libraries

By Dzulkifli Abdul Razak

New Straits Times, 14 July 2013, last updated at 05:36PM

Read more : http://www.nst.com.my/channels/learning-curve/perspective-breathing-new-life-into-libraries-1.318629

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2013年08月20日

greetings from HKIA

Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) generates enormous economic value for Hong Kong. In 2008, the total economic contribution made by Hong Kong's aviation industry and related businesses amounted to HK$78 billion in value added, representing 4.6% of Hong Kong's GDP. The airport also supports Hong Kong's four main economic pillars - financial services, trading and logistics, tourism, and producer and professional services - which together accounted for 58.5% of GDP in 2011. These businesses rely heavily upon the efficient flow of people and goods made possible by HKIA.

Currently, the airport directly provides over 65,000 jobs. This number almost triples when indirect and induced employment - such as jobs created by hotel, catering, retail goods suppliers, the tourism industry, and more - are taken into account. Together they represent over 5% of the total workforce in Hong Kong...


Read more : http://www.hongkongairport.com/eng/future/an-engine-for-growth/economic-contribution.html

Yes, this morning Mr Yahho woke up at 3:00 am and left the house at 5:30 am to Penang airport to take the flight at 7:45 for Narita via Hong Kong. Now he is sending this message from the waiting gate of Cathay Pacific gate for the next flight headed to Narita. He will reach his homeland at 8:30 pm after 2 months of stay in Penang, Malaysia.

Malaysia’s third busiest airport has the official IATA code of PEN – standing in for Penang International Airport. Located a mere 9.9 miles/ 16 km south of George Town, the airport serves a large region and provides extensive links with major cities across South East Asia and beyond. George Town is Penang region’s capital city.

Penang has not lost in popularity with tourists, who over the years have come to adore the “Pearl of the Orient” and many return as often as they can. Malaysian people are friendly and charming and Penang, with its wonderful stalls selling delicious street food, its beautiful architecture and fascinating culture is attracting a large number of tourists every year.

In 2009 some 3.3 million visitors used Penang International Airport and in 2010 this had already increased to nearly 4.2 million passengers...

Penang Airport serves mainly the north of western Malaysia and the premises are medium-sized, with check-in and baggage reclaim being comparatively faster than at large sites. Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu International are both busier and larger. Penang International is mainly used by two budget airlines, namely AirAsia and Firefly.

Better known carriers operating from Penang International Airport are Cathay Pacific, China Southern Airlines, Malaysian Airlines, Wings Air and Thai Airways International to name but a few. The carriers fly to destinations like Medan, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Jakarta or Guangzhou.


Read more : http://www.penangairport.com/

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2013年08月18日

Beast of Bataan

Finally Mr Yahho found the reason why there is the picture of Gen. Masaharu Homma (born 1n 1888 at Sado Island, Niigata province and shot on April 3, 1946 at Los Banos for war crimes), known as the “Beast of Bataan.” in a room at Penang War Museum in addition to the Tiger of Malaya, Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita.

The Generals

Other rooms serve up equally grisly reminders. On one bed a bright cloth covers a lump that could once have been a man.
There is a bare hall with a desk and two chairs. “Interview room” the sign says.
There are pails and buckets in cubicles that represent toilets. There are installation art using pails and bolos and bayonets and bicycles and motorcycles, either pinned to walls or hanging from chains that frame Japanese symbols.
In one room are photographs, green with age, that show Caucasian prisoners of wars brushing their teeth, bathing, burying their dead or just staring hopefully for the redemption that did come.
There are photographs of the Japanese generals hanged in the Philippines as war criminals following a trial by the American victors of World War 2.
There is handsome bald Japanese man, taller than most of his compatriots. He sports a small smile while chatting with the representatives of the war’s victors. I am drawn to his photo and wonder why both prisoner and captors look jovial. In another photo is a fragile, beautiful woman, much younger than the old man.
I come near and discover it is Gen. Masaharu Homma, known as the “Beast of Bataan.” This was the general who gave the American Douglas MacArthur his greatest defeat.
In most of the photographs, Homma radiates dignity. His bearing is aloof, as though he were simply an observer of a gripping morality play. In one photo though, he is weeping, face buried in his hands. In another, he walks with head bowed.
The woman turns out to be his wife, Fujiko. Homma leans down to her, his face affectionate. Without the rest of the other mementoes they are just another couple in the thrall of a May-September romance.
If Homma looks more artistic than brutish, it is because he was an artist. But I learn of this only after the photos of Homma and Japanese war admiral Yamashita, also hanged, leave me confused and thirsty for more information.

Shades of gray

Historian Hampton Sides has a riveting story as told by Lt. Robert Pelz, one of four officers assigned as Homma’s defense counsels.
They expected a monster; this, after all, was the man responsible for the deaths of 10,000 starving Filipino and American troops forced to march from Bataan to Tarlac. History lessons told me much about the Bataan Death March; it hardly fleshed out who Homma was.
The night after the war museum visit, I was devouring Sides’ tale and amazed once more at just how many shades of gray sweep through life.
Pelz met Homma in 1946. The general was 57 years-old and spoke fluent English with a British accent. (Hey, he was at the coronation of King George VI!).
That Homma would give America its most devastating blow was ironic. He was the most pro-Western of the Japanese generals, Sides notes.
“He had been openly pro-Western before the war, a self-described Anglophile who had lived for years as a military attaché in Oxford and London, and he was widely known as the most Europeanized of all the Japanese generals…” the historian writes. “He’d met Gandhi, Churchill, and Mussolini. During one of his several trips across the United States, he had been led to the top of the newly built Empire State Building by Mayor Fiorello La Guardia.”
The general had a rather titillating background: Military tradition; much landed wealth in the family; a record of “liaisons with beautiful but socially undesirable women,” yet judged by his peers as “vaguely effeminate” – although that’s probably because there weren’t too many Japanese officers who could compose verse in the heat of battle.
He was called the Poet General, says Sides, though many, including kin, were befuddled by how this sentimental weeper climbed the military ranks.


Penang War Museum, started by Falcon Jun , Sep 18 2008 10:43 AM

Read more: http://www.ww2f.com/topic/16831-penang-war-museum/?hl=%2Bpenang+%2Bmuseum

April 9, 2008 marks the 66th anniversary of the fall of Bataan which resulted in the largest surrender by the United States Army in its history. Over 77,000 American and Filipino troops were to become victims of one of the most brutal episodes in the Pacific War−the Bataan Death March.

The March: Beginning of the Ordeal

In 1941, the Filipino people were already promised independence from the United States, which had seized the islands nation from Spain during the Spanish-American War. But with the Japanese expansion to Southeast Asia beginning to pose a threat, Gen. Douglas MacArthur was recalled to active duty to prepare for a possible Japanese attack. When the attack did come, MacArthur’s initial plan to halt the Japanese invasion at the beaches failed. As a result, tens of thousands of US troops who retreated to Bataan, the peninsula in central Luzon, did not have enough food or medicine to sustain their fight. MacArthur, who moved his headquarters from Manila to the island of Corregidor across Bataan, continued to send orders: never surrender.

Then on March 12, 1942, he escaped to Australia. This left the men in Bataan to keep fighting until their ammunition, food, and medicine ran out, upsetting the Japanese timetable for victory and giving the United States precious time to recover from the Pearl Harbor attack. By the time more than 11,000 American and 66,000 Filipino soldiers surrendered on April 9, 1942, they were starving and most were stricken with malaria, beriberi or dysentery. “Thousands of troops and hundreds of planes” that MacArthur had assured them were on the way to rescue them never arrived...

Hellships

The ordeal continued for American POWs who survived the Bataan Death March and Camp O’Donnell. Most of them, together with the POWs who were captured after the fall of Corregidor, were eventually sent to Japan to become forced laborers. The ships whose holds POWs were crammed into were aptly called “Hellships.”

The late Col. Melvin Rosen who survived the Bataan Death March described what it was like on a Hellship:


Over 600 men crowded in a metal hold with no ventilation other than one hatch. There were no sanitary facilities. We did use some empty food buckets, but they were soon overflowing…By nightfall the hold was pitch black, and men went mad from lack of water and food. They were completely crazed and were drinking urine. Although I did not personally see any, I believe there were murders and drinking of blood. The conditions in the hold and of the people were beyond belief….

The daily death rate on the Brazil Maru escalated from about 20 to 40. Now we were sailing in the East China Sea with snow coming in our open hatch. Men froze to death, died of starvation, died of thirst, and died of a myriad of diseases. Again there were no sanitary facilities, and so the hold was ankle deep in feces, urine, and vomit.


After the War

The US government and its military leaders first learned about the Bataan Death March and the atrocities inflicted on American soldiers in the summer of 1943 from one of the officers who had survived the Bataan Death March and later escaped from the prison camp in Mindanao. But the media were not allowed to publicize it until January of 1944. Once they learned about it, the American public was shocked and outraged by the Japanese brutality. The outrage was shown in President Truman’s address after the dropping of the Atomic bombs:


We have used it against those who attacked us without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have starved and beaten and executed American prisoners of war, against those who have abandoned all pretense of obeying international laws of warfare.


General Masaharu Homma, the commanding general of the Japanese Army in the Philippines during the Bataan Death March, was tried and executed on April 3, 1946. Hundreds of prison guards who abused POWs would meet the same fate.

Seeking an Honorable Closure

Lester Tenney was the first plaintiff to file a lawsuit against Mitsui. Soon, more than thirty lawsuits were filed against almost sixty Japanese companies. The governments of both the United States and Japan sided with the Japanese defendant companies and strongly urged the court to dismiss the cases based on the Peace Treaty...

In April of 2007, about 70 members of American Defenders of Bataan and Corregidor (ADBC), the national organization of former POWs of the Japanese, gathered in the nation’s capital to attend their annual convention. Most of them were in their late 80s and 90s and knew that this would be the last time that such a large number of former POWs of the Japanese would be in Washington DC together.
They passed a resolution that sought an official apology from the Japanese government. Lester Tenney, the Vice Commander of ADBC, had drafted the resolution and planned to personally deliver it to the Japanese Embassy. Although he had asked the Embassy weeks in advance for a brief meeting with Ambassador Kato Ryozo or anyone who would receive the resolution, his request was ignored. On the day Tenney and the longtime leader of ADBC, Edward Jackfert, intended to visit the Embassy, they called the Embassy asking if they could deliver their resolution. They were told that no one would be available to meet them.

A few weeks later, President Bush accepted Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo’s apology for the “Comfort Women” issue when they met in Washington DC...

Sixty-Six Years Later

Tenney has been invited by the Chief of Operations of the USS Arizona Memorial to sit on a panel on Memorial Day to discuss and review events of the war in the South Pacific. He decided to extend his trip to Japan to make one more, and likely his final, effort to obtain an apology from the Japanese government and those companies that enslaved American POWs. In his letter to Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo he wrote:

Mr. Prime Minister, it is our desire to resolve the POW issue. Doing so will no doubt be in the best interest of we former POWs and your honorable country, and will at last bring closure to we old soldiers of this long-ago tragic event. We survivors are entering our twilight years, and our organization will soon be forced to disband due to the demise of its remaining members. When that time comes, there will be no survivors left to accept an apology...


The Bataan Death March and the 66-Year Struggle for Justice

By Kinue TOKUDOME

Kinue Tokudome is a Japanese writer. She has contributed articles to Japan Focus on the Japanese military comfort women and on US POWs.
She maintains the bilingual website, “US-Japan Dialogue on POWs.”

She wrote this article for Japan Focus. Posted on April 8, 2006.

Read more: http://japanfocus.org/-Kinue-TOKUDOME/2714

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No more dark days

Mr Yahho read the short article with the small photo in the local newspaper. the Star of 15th and 16th of August with shock.

TAIWAN: People protesting during the first International Comfort Women Memorial Day in Taipei. They demand that Japan apologises for and compensates women who were sex slaves for the Japanese army during world war II.

TAIWAN: Protesters burning an effigy representing a Japanese warship during a protest against Japan's occupation of the Diaoyu Islands (Senkaku) in front of Japan's representative office in Taipei.

And todays newspaper told him about the dark days in the past and in the future:

I met notorious Japanese executioner Suzuki

- DARK DAYS: Several old-timers tell A. Shukor Rahman what things were like in Penang during the Japanese Occupation -


New Straits Times, 18 August 2013| last updated at 12:30AM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/i-met-notorious-japanese-executioner-suzuki-1.339604#ixzz2cIKiX4Kb

On the militaristics path again?

- Plans are afoot to revise Japan's postwar peace constitution to assert its right to declare war and rename the self-defence forces. -


From the China Post

The Star, 18 August 2013

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2013年08月17日

Rawo culture

Mr Yahho participated in the following event today, Sat., 17 August, and took the wonderful lunch. They are kind and knowledgable and talking a bit different lunguage. However he caught a heavy rain...

GEORGE TOWN: OVER 1,000 members of the Rawo tribe will gather at the Acheen Street Mosque tomorrow to celebrate the existence of the community in Malaysia.

Titled "Penang Ethnic Rawo Festival", the event will see all things unique to the Rawo culture such as its costumes, food and language on display.

Their special delicacies such as asam daging, asam pari and bubur anak lebah would also be served.

Penang Islamic Foundation (YIPP), the organiser of the event, hopes to gather all the Rawo descendants in conjunction with Hari Raya celebration this month.

A member of YIPP board of directors, Datuk Mujahid Yusof Rawa, said the event would showcase the unique Rawo heritage in the state.

"We would also like to invite the public to Lebuh Aceh which is famed for its Islamic and Malay heritage," he said in a press conference here recently.

Mujahid also said there were many Rawo natives, originally from Pasaman in West Sumatera, Indonesia, which have become illustrious leaders and prominent personalities in the country.

"Members of the Rawo tribe include former prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad's wife Tun Dr Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali and former International Trade and Industry minister Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz," he said.

Festivities will take place at the mosque compound from 9am to 5pm.

Entrance is free.


Celebrating Rawo people

- UNIQUE HERITAGE: Festival will showcase Rawo culture such as its costumes, food and language at Acheen Street Mosque tomorrow -

By PREDEEP NAMBIAR

New Starits Times, 16 August 2013| last updated at 08:18PM

Read more: Celebrating Rawo people - Northern - New Straits Times http://www.nst.com.my/streets/northern/celebrating-rawo-people-1.338392#ixzz2cCl0VsOa

GEORGE TOWN, Aug 14 – The ethnic Rawo community first arrived in Penang as traders back in the early 19th century and today, the Rawos have spread out all over Malaysia, even to Thailand, with only a few thousands of them remaining here.

The Rawo, commonly pronounced as Rawa in Penang, were originally from the Rao province in the northern region of West Sumatera and had came to Penang to trade sometime in the 1830s.

They were one of the lesser known ethnic communities that had made up a vibrant Muslim community in the Malay heritage enclave surrounding Acheh Street at the George Town World Heritage Site here.

Penang Islamic Foundation director Datuk Dr Mujahid Yusof Rawa, who himself is a Rawo, said the Rawos were one of the more active ethnic community in the enclave back in the eartly 19th century along with the Mandelings and Acheh communities.

“Our ancestors came to Penang to trade in spices, publish religious materials and also to facilitate pilgrims perform the hajj to Mecca,” he said in a press conference on an upcoming Penang Rawo Festival at the Lebuh Acheh Mosque this Saturday.

Dr Mujahid said very few people knew about the Rawo community so they decided to organise the festival to showcase the community’s culture, food and history.

“The Rawos are everywhere and there are many prominent figures and leaders who are Rawos,” he said.

Amongst the more well-known Rawos include former International Trade and Industry minister Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz, the wife of former Prime Minister Tun Dr Hasmad Mohd Ali and former Selangor Menteri Besar Tan Sri Muhammad Muhamad Taib.

The festival, which starts at 9am, will feature a full day of events until 4pm within the mosque compound at the heritage enclave.

Amongst the events lined up presentations on the history of the Rawo in Penang, the arrival of Rawo to Penang and the impact and a stalls featuring Rawo food such as asam daging (tamarind beef), asam keli (tamarind catfish), gulai lemak (curry) and bubur anak lebah (a type of sweet dessert).

“A lot of the younger generation Rawo do not know their roots, most of them don’t even know the dialect so this festival is to let them get in touch with their ancestry and roots,” Dr Mujahid said.

The festival is open to all who would like to learn more about the Rawos and entrance is free.


Remembering one of the first few ethnic groups to arrive in Penang

By Opalyn MokAugust 14, 2013

Read more: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/remembering-one-of-the-first-few-ethnic-groups-to-arrive-in-penang

The history of the Acheen Street mosque (also known as the Malay mosque), began in 1792, which marked the arrival of its founder Tengku Syed Hussain Al-Aidid who had come from Acheh to settle in Penang. A member of the royal family of Acheh, Sumatra and descendant of a sovereign Arab family, Hussain became a hugely successful entrepreneur and one of the wealthiest merchants and landowners in Penang.

Shortly after settling on the island, Hussain used his wealth to build a self-sustaining Muslim enclave in Acheen Street comprising a community of Achehnese, Malays, Arabs and Jawi Peranakan. Within this 'periphery' could be found the aforesaid mosque, religious school, book stores, printers, pilgrim agencies, houses and offices. Way before the founding of the Pilgrims Board, Acheen Street was the place where pilgrims from near and far gathered to depart by ship to Jeddah, a city of west-central Saudi Arabia, for the annual pilgrimage or 'haj'...

The Acheen Street mosque is significant in more ways than one to the history of Penang. Its conservation not only restored the mosque itself and the surrounding properties but also revived the traditional and historical lifestyle and activities which used to govern the area. The result is a breathtaking image of the mosque and its immediate environment. The Acheen Mosque restoration clinched the Restoration and Preservation Award from the Ministry of Higher Education, Saudi Arabia in 1999. The award was conferred for the first time in conjunction with the centennial celebration of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


Acheen Street Mosque, priceless legacy of the Penang Muslim community

Read more: http://www.greatpenang.com/index.php/attractions/35-places-of-worship/159-acheen-street-mosque-priceless-legacy-of-the-penang-muslim-community

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2013年08月16日

supplement

After the lunch, Nasi Melayu, Mr Yahho returned quickly back to the Penang Library to update today's subject as diary:

(1) supplement about TPPA from the front page of New Straits Times, Friday, August 16,2013:

Title: National interest FIRST

Resolute: Cabinet tells its negotiators to ensure a favourable outcome for Malaysia in TPPA discussions

# 'NO' to any proposal that denies access to affordable medicine and healthcare
# Cabinet supports greater transparancy in the negotiation process
# 2 more cost-benefit analyses to be conducted on impact on Bumiputera business


(2) supplement about SANDAKAN

SANDAKAN: Over 200 Malaysians and Australians gathered at the Memorial Park here at 7am yesterday to mark the 11th Sandakan Day in commemoration of the World War Two prisoners.

The Sandakan Day is held annually on August 15 at the original Sandakan World War Two Pprisoners’ camp site, which is now known as the Sandakan Memorial Park, in honour and remembrance of the 2,434 Australian and British prisoners as well as locals who helped them.

Each year, the families of fallen the heroes travel to this park to observe and participate in the memorial service.

Sixty-eight years after the end of World War Two, this year’s Sandakan Day memorial service was attended by relatives of the veterans, local community groups, and local and foreign dignitaries.

Also present were the State Minister of Special Task Datuk Teo Chee Kang, the Australian High Commissioner Miles Kupa, President of the Sandakan Municipal Council Datuk Ir James Wong and the Deputy British High Commissioner to Malaysia Ray Kyles...

Chief Minister Datuk Seri Panglima Musa Haji Aman, who was represented by Teo, said “we cannot take peace and sovereignty for granted, and that we need to be always on guard”.

“We must never forget those who came before us and who fought hard to achieve peace and independence. I wish to encourage the younger generation to understand and appreciate our road to independence,” he added.


Posted on August 16, 2013, Friday

Read more: http://www.theborneopost.com/2013/08/16/200-malaysians-australians-pay-tribute-to-fallen-heroes/#ixzz2c7MiFtt6

(3) supplement about the public purse:

SELIGENSTADT, Germany (Reuters) - Chancellor Angela Merkel launched her re-election campaign (*) on Wednesday by presenting herself to voters in this mediaeval town in the heart of Germany as a safe pair of hands who would steer the country through crisis and ensure continued prosperity.

Returning from a three-week summer vacation, Merkel spoke to about 1,000 people who packed into the town square, some waving "Angie" signs but others from the youth wing of the rival Social Democrats trying to spoil the mood with chants of "Merkel out!"

Merkel, despised in parts of crisis-hit Europe for insisting on tough austerity, is popular in Germany where many see her as a responsible guardian of the public purse.

Pushing her message of fiscal discipline, Merkel told the crowd: "We have seen in Europe what happens when debts are too high. Growth on borrowed money - that's impossible."


New Straits Times, Friday, August 16,2013


(*) Angela Merkel launches re-election bid amid cacophony of spying scandal
- German voter outrage over revelations from NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden remains unknown quantity in September poll -
By Josie Le Blond in Berlin,
theguardian.com, Friday 16 August 2013 16.27 BST
Read more : http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/16/angela-merkel-re-election-german-nsa-spy

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Shamsiah Fakeh's life

To exile and back again

BY MARTIN VENGADESAN

Age has withered her and what little history books say of her, demonises her. But Shamsiah Fakeh's life (1924-2008) is a fascinating story of one woman’s incredible journey from freedom fighter to communist to exiled outcast.


Her fourth husband, Wahi Anuwar, was a fellow CPM member who was captured by British and imprisoned. Shamsiah was told that he had surrendered and thought he was dead (he eventually spent 15 years in prison, and passed away in 1980)...

Indeed in her book, Shamsiah discusses a number of vicious rumours that have been circulated about her. By far the most traumatic is that surrounding the death of her third child, whom she had with Wahi Anuwar. Shamsiah was accused of killing the baby while in the jungle to avoid the risk of capture. She explains that she struggled through rain and heat, insects and leeches, thirst and hunger for her child and refused to give up.

However, upon reaching an unfamiliar district, she was told by local CPM members that the baby would be given to local villagers to raise. She only found out years later that her baby was killed by those same members!

After her eight-year stint in the jungle ended, she and Ibrahim moved to the relative comfort of China where they started a family...


The Star, Sunday May 25, 2008

Read more: http://www.thestar.com.my/story.aspx?file=%2f2008%2f5%2f25%2flifefocus%2f21335640&sec=lifefocus

Yes, Mr Yahho really impressed so much while reading the following description related to her experience in the jungle maybe in 1948 or in 1949:

Chapter 13: The Malayan National Liberation Army and Establishment of the 10th Regiment

Lost for the second time

I carried my one-month-and-a-half baby and continued walking in the jungle.
Not long after, it started to rain heavily.
I was drenched and grew cold.
Because I could not produce milk, my baby was sucking in the rainwater that was flowing down my breasts.
I had lost his two napkins so he was totally naked.
While I wandered on lost in the jungle, we were endlessly bitten by leeches.
At times, there were as many as 20 leeches sucking on my baby's body.
I picked off the leehes, swollen with my baby's blood, one by one.
I was sad to see the fate befalling my poor child who was still so small.
However, I was determined to stay resolute and steadfast in facing what I thought of as one of the challenges of the struggle...


(Shamsiah Fakeh, ibid, PP. 53-54)

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defend nation's interests

Today Mr Yahho wants to invite all friends of Mountains to read the following three articles carried on the local newspapers here in Penang, Malaysia:

BALIK PULAU: It’s fright night in Penang! The War Museum in the state has been listed as one of the Top 10 Most Haunted Sites in Asia by the National Geographic Channel.

A production team from the channel was here in May to film a documentary at the museum, known locally as Bukit Hantu or Ghost Hill, said Penang War Museum chief executive officer Johari Shafie.

“They came to uncover our collection of historic accounts on this important historical site in Asia and to inspire a renewed interest in honouring our past,” he said.

“We are honoured and proud that our museum could bring out the ghostly feeling,” he said in a statement.

The museum, in Batu Maung here, will be featured in a National Geographic documentary series called I Wouldn’t Go In There.

The documentary is expected to be shown at 10pm on Aug 23 on its Asian network (Astro Channel 553).

According to the state tourism official portal – www.visitpenang.gov.my – the museum’s dark past and eerie atmosphere had “earned” the place in the list of Asia’s most notorious haunted spots.

Other spooky places include the abandoned Tat Tak School in Hong Kong, Kadena Air Base in Okinawa, Japan, and an abandoned hospital at the Clark Air Base (the Philippines).

The rest were Gedung Lawang Sewu, a building complex in Semarang (Indonesia), the Green Island Prison in Lyudao Island (Taiwan), a mansion in Yeongdeok-gun, North Gyeongsang province (South Korea), the Temples of Ayutthaya (Thailand), Con Dao Island (Vietnam), and an old Portugese colonial outpost on Diu Island, known as “Isle of Ghosts” (India).

Penang Tourism Malaysia deputy director Logi Dhasan said the museum had become another icon in Penang with the listing by the National Geographic channel.

The Penang Spooky Tour in the War Museum is set to be re-launched for the second year running on Aug 23, Logi said.

Held in conjunction with the Hungry Ghost Festival, those who sign up for the package will have a chance to experience a night tour of the museum besides spending a night there.


Would you go into Penang’s scary War Museum?

By CHRISTOPHER TAN and KIATISAK CHUA

Updated: The Star, Friday August 16, 2013 MYT 6:46:12 AM

Read more: http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2013/08/16/Would-you-go-into-Penangs-scary-War-Museum.aspx

PETALING JAYA: Tobacco must be excluded from the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) as it conflicts with Malaysia’s commitment to an international treaty on tobacco control, said Malaysian Women’s Action for Tobacco Control and Health (MyWatch).

MyWatch adviser Dr Zarihah Mohd Zain pointed out that the objective of a free trade agreement would be to promote trade in the commodities

However, Malaysia is a party to the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), whose aim is to reduce tobacco use and ban its advertising, promotion and sponsorship.

“I strongly support the call to totally cast out tobacco from the TPPA because of the conflict that would occur.

“Tobacco is the only legal consumer commodity that has an international treaty to suppress its expansion and promotion,” she told The Star.

She also added that Malaysia was legally-bound to implement the articles in the FCTC.

Dr Zarihah said the TPPA would require a predictable legal and commercial framework for business, something that could jeopardise future legislation of tobacco control here.

She added that the Government had also identified a highly-viable alternative to local tobacco planting, the kenaf plant, which is used as construction material due to it being a very durable, light and strong fibre.

The Malaysian Medical Asso-ciation had on Tuesday also called for tobacco to be excluded from the United States-sponsored TPPA, as tobacco products killed half its users prematurely, caused numerous diseases and reduced productivity.


Group wants tobacco excluded from TPPA

By ISABELLE LAI

Updated: The Star, Friday August 16, 2013 MYT 9:20:49 AM

Read more : http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2013/08/16/Group-wants-tobacco-excluded-from-trade-pact.aspx

KUALA LUMPUR: MALAYSIA'S interest will not be compromised during the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) discussions.

Lead negotiators, who attended a special cabinet meeting yesterday, had been directed by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak and the cabinet to only agree to terms most favourable to the country and reject any proposal that denied access to affordable medicine and healthcare.

"The prime minister and cabinet directed negotiators to continue ensuring that Malaysia's sovereignty is defended in the course of the TPPA negotiations," said International Trade and Industry Minister Datuk Seri Mustapa Mohamed yesterday.

"They are unanimous in reinforcing Malaysia's position that we will only agree to the TPPA on terms that are most favourable to our country."

The lead negotiators from various ministries yesterday presented updates and challenges expected while seeking fresh mandates.

Under the TPPA, Malaysia will become an integral part of the greater economic integration with the Asia-Pacific region and have increased access to products and services as well as bigger markets.

The negotiations, which will move into the 19th round at Bandar Seri Begawan in Brunei from Aug 22 to 30, will cover new elements such as competition, labour, environment, government procurement and intellectual property rights (IPR).

Apart from Malaysia, the negotiations also involved Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam.

On IPR, which had a bearing on patents as well as the cost of drugs and healthcare, the cabinet took a firm stand that Malaysia would not agree to any proposal that denied access to affordable medicine and healthcare.

It also took note of the request to exclude tobacco and tobacco products.

Despite major issues, including state-owned enterprises, labour and IPR remaining unresolved, the cabinet felt Malaysia should not be bound by a fixed timeline on the agreement.

"The cabinet has also agreed to two more cost-benefit analyses which will focus on interests of small- and medium- enterprises, the Bumiputera business community as well as a comprehensive analysis on national interests."

These analyses will provide added inputs to the negotiating team.

Before its decision to join the TPP grouping in 2010, the government commissioned the United Nations Development Programme to carry out a feasibility study.

It had concluded that Malaysia's participation would enable it to realise its developed nation status by 2020.

"The cabinet is also supportive of more transparency in the negotiation process," Mohamed said.

Following a fruitful open day on the TPPA on Aug 1, the International Trade and Industry Ministry also planned to engage other stakeholders.


'Malaysia to join TPP only on terms favourable to us'
- CABINET DIRECTIVE: Negotiators urged to defend nation's interests -

By RUPA DAMODARAN

New Straits Times, 16 August 2013, last updated at 12:59AM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/malaysia-to-join-tpp-only-on-terms-favourable-to-us-1.338697?cache=03D163D03edding-pred-1.1176%2F%3FpFpentwage63Dp%3A%2Fhe3D03Dn63Frea-rti3D19.3D163D03edding-pred-1.1176%2F%3FpFpentwage63Dp%3A%2Fhe3D03Dn63Frea-rti3D19.111w5ii%2Fe%2F7.183967%2F7.186182%2F7.200607#ixzz2c5xbhfbI

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2013年08月15日

woman worrior

"Last Words of the Tiger of Malaya, General Yamashita Tomoyuki"

By Yuki Tanaka

The final reflections of a convicted war criminal enshrined at Yasukuni Jinja

One of the major reasons for Chinese and Korean public criticism of Prime Minister Koizumi's visit to Yasukuni Shrine is that 14 out of 28 A-Class Japanese war criminals are enshrined there. Seven among them including Tojo Hideki and Matsui Iwane were executed at the conclusion of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal and the other seven died either during the tribunal or while serving their sentences. Yasukuni Shrine also sanctifies many B and C-Class war criminals, many of whom were directly responsible for atrocities committed throughout the Asia-Pacific region. One of those is Tomoyuki Yamashita, who was enshrined on 17 October 1959. As the commander who led the Japanese Imperial Army troops to invade Singapore in February 1942, he was nicknamed the 'Tiger of Malaya.'

At 2:15 am on the morning of 8 December 1941, advance troops of the 25th Army led by Lieutenant General Yamashita landed at Kota Bharu on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula with the aim of seizing Singapore. This landing was an hour and 20 minutes before the attack on Pearl Harbor and thus, strictly speaking, marks the beginning of the Pacific War. The 25th Army swiftly advanced south towards Singapore, completely unsuspected by the British forces armed with large-bore artillery that were defending Singapore from seaborne attack via the Straits of Malacca. The Japanese troops numbered 20,000; the defending troops consisted of 88,000 British, Australian, and Indian soldiers and Malay volunteers. Although the British forces had the advantage of much greater numbers, Singapore fell relatively quickly, the British not only having underestimated the ability of the Japanese forces, but being insufficiently trained in jungle warfare and lacking adequate communication among their forces.


...http://www.japanfocus.org/-Yuki-TANAKA/1753

After Japan, British come back again to Malaysia and on 20 June 1948, the British colonial rulers declared a state of emergency for the whole of Malaysia. That very evening, they detained thousands of politicians and members of organizations who were considered to be radicals and leftisits.

Mr Yahho want to invite us to read the book in English version written by a woman warrior who fought the British for the Independence of her homeland and Emancipation of women: The Memoirs of Shamsiah Fakeh, From AWAS to 10th Regiment, Strategic Information and Research Development Center, Petaling Jaya, 2009.

The Star, Monday November 19, 2007

"New edition of Shamsiah Fakeh’s book launched"

KUALA LUMPUR: The eight years living in the jungle was hard but Shamsiah Fakeh persevered because her faith in her struggle kept strong.

Shamsiah, 84, used to reminisce to her children about the hard life in the jungle when she joined the communist guerillas.

“She got lost in the jungle for as long as five nights. She was dirty, cold at night, wet, lonely and afraid. She foraged for food, even eating tree roots. There were times she starved.

“But the eight years in the jungle made her a strong woman and she persevered. She had no regrets because she fought for what believed in,” said her son Jamaluddin Ibrahim.
Jamaluddin is one of three sons born to Shamsiah and her fifth, and last, husband Ibrahim Mohamad. Like her, Ibrahim was also a Communist Party of Malaya (CPM) member.

Ibrahim had helped Shamsiah put down her experience in writing. The new edition of her book Memoir Shamsiah Fakeh – Dari AWAS ke Rejimen ke 10 in Bahasa Malaysia was launched yesterday.

The book was published by the Strategic Information and Research Development Centre. It was first published by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in 2004, which drew some controversy.

The Chinese version was also launched at the event yesterday. Shamsiah did not attend as she has been hospitalised for lung infection.

Shamsiah, from Kuala Pilah, led the women’s wing (Angkatan Wanita Sedar or Awas) in Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya in 1946.

Following Awas’ ban by the British, she joined the 10th regiment of the CPM. She was formerly married to Angkatan Pemuda Insaf co-founder Ahmad Boestaman.

“She had two children with her first husband but they died during the Japanese Occupation. She met my father in the jungle,” said Jamaluddin. Ibrahim died last year.

The couple continued their struggle in Indonesia and Vietnam before they were deported to China.

After leaving the CPM in 1968, Shamsiah and her family remained in China where she worked in a steel factory.

But the urge to return home was strong. They appealed to the Malaysian Government to let them come home – an effort that took nine years and required her to denounce Communism.

“Perhaps the Government felt the time was not right. We were only granted permission in 1994 and (former Prime Minister) Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad signed the letter himself,” said Jamaluddin.

After over 40 years, Shamsiah – together with her husband, their three sons and their four grandchildren – returned.

Her sons had to leave behind their wives in China. They obtained permanent residency in Malaysia sometime later.


...http://www.thestar.com.my/story.aspx?file=%2f2007%2f11%2f19%2fnation%2f19512416&sec=nation

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Last Words of the Tiger of Malaya

Today Japan Premier may make offering at War Shrine according to the local newspaper. On that day, Mr Yahho wants to introduce us General Yamashita Tomoyuki (born on Nov., 8, 1885 in Kochi Pref and hanged in Manila on Feb., 23, 1946). Mr Yahho is now asking us from Penang, Malaysia what are his at least 4 remarks as his final words before execution.

TOKYO (Reuters) - Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sent a ritual offering to a controversial shrine for war dead on Thursday - the anniversary of Japan's defeat in World War Two - but did not visit in person in a effort to avoid inflaming tensions with Asian neighbors.

However, at least two cabinet ministers publicly paid their respects at Yasukuni Shrine, seen as a symbol of Japan's past militarism, which is likely to anger South Korea and China and risks undermining tentative diplomatic overtures to Beijing.


Japan visits to war shrine likely to anger Asian neighbors

By Antoni Slodkowski, TOKYO, Wed Aug 14, 2013 9:49pm EDT

Read more: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/08/15/us-japan-shrine-idUSBRE97D1EO20130815

When Yamashita overcame his initial difficulty in explaining himself and started talking about his hopes for the Japanese people, his tone became quite straightforward and confident. He ascribed the fundamental cause of war crimes to the Japanese peoples' inability to make independent moral judgments. Although he did not use the term "human rights" (and probably he was not familiar with that terminology), the words "moral judgment" are repeatedly used in order to urge the Japanese people to respect the human rights of others. This is indicated by his expression "your personal responsibility in relations with other people" (emphasis added). By the time he faced execution, he clearly had come to the realization that Japan's brutal military actions were due to the lack of a sense of personal responsibility toward others that may be equated with the concept of "human rights", and that this eventually led people in Asia and elsewhere to distrust Japan. He concluded that this was one of the crucial reasons for Japan's defeat in war. He welcomed the prospect that the Japanese in defeat would belatedly be given the freedom to make their own moral judgments. But he remained apprehensive about their ability to do so, and urged the Japanese to become "cultured and dignified" people. We need to reflect on this statement carefully, particularly in the current situation where some nationalist scholars and many Japanese politicians -- including Prime Minister Koizumi -- seek to sanitize Japan's military conduct during the Asia-Pacific War.

Yamashita's second point was that there could be no weapons or military strategies to defend ourselves against nuclear weapons. This should also be re-emphasized on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 2005, and above all in light of the failure of the NPT Review Conference in May 2005 to advance the abolition of nuclear weapons. Politicians like Mr. Abe Shinzo, who think that Japan should develop nuclear arms for defense purposes, should also be reminded of General Yamashita's words that the "only method to defend ourselves against atomic bombs" is "to establish nations all over the world that would never contemplate the use of such weapons." Indeed, these words of a Japanese general at the hour of his execution are fully consistent with the spirit of eternal peace that the A-bomb victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki have long advocated.

It is remarkable that half of his final words were addressed to women. Here we can discern Yamashita's hope that the new Japanese society should be built on the principles of women, not those of men, specifically power and violence. His statement that "the driving force of peace is in the heart of women" sums up his thoughts on this issue. He was surely that rare person amongst Japanese military leaders who was able to see the fundamental link between war and male violence. He came to hold the view that women should play more important roles in building peace, especially in the field of education. I am not sure how he overcame his own patriarchal beliefs in the eight months between his surrender and execution. During the conduct of his trial, something must have occurred that led him to dramatically change his views on gender and society, and indeed on war and peace.

His last point emphasizing the importance of mothers educating their children sounds like male chauvinism, imposing all responsibilities for raising children on women. We must understand, however, that his views on this issue were closely intertwined with his deep sense of personal responsibility for the deaths of many young men under his command. Perhaps for this reason he romanticized the bond between mothers and their children, using "breastfeeding" as an overriding metaphor for nurturing and educating children. It should be noted that his goal was to educate Japanese youth "to be able to live independently, cope with various circumstances, love peace, appreciate cooperation with others and have a strong will to contribute to mankind when they grow up."

Closely examining Yamashita's last words, it becomes crystal-clear that the conclusions he drew from his war experience are fundamentally at odds with the reigning ideology of Yasukuni Shrine and its supporters. It is an historical irony that General Yamashita is worshipped by neo-nationalist politicians who claim that Yasukuni Shrine is sacred, deride the legality of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal as victor's justice, deny Japan's war responsibilities, promote nationalistic education policies and textbooks, advocate the abolition of the Peace Constitution, suggest the necessity of possessing nuclear arms "for the purpose of defending the country," and show no interest at all in improving women's social and economic status.

Yamashita Tomoyuki's Last Message to the Japanese People...

Yuki Tanaka is research professor at the Hiroshima Peace Institute, a Coordinator of Japan Focus, and author of Japan's Comfort Women. Sexual slavery and prostitution during World War II and the US Occupation. He prepared this article for Japan Focus. Posted September 22, 2005.


Last Words of the Tiger of Malaya, General Yamashita Tomoyuki

By Yuki Tanaka

Read more: http://www.japanfocus.org/-Yuki-TANAKA/1753

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2013年08月14日

withdraw from TPPA

Some of the issues and arguments highlighted by opposition leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim pertaining to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations are not new, International Trade and Industry Minister Datuk Seri Mustapa Mohamed said yesterday.

"In fact, the issues are among concerns prioritised by Malaysian negotiators at the ongoing TPP negotiations," he said, referring to Anwar's media statements on the TPP yesterday.

Among the issues are state-owned enterprises, small and medium enterprises, investor-state dispute settlement and affordable healthcare.

"Our stand on these issues is based on input and feedback from local stakeholders gathered via a number of consultation sessions."

He reiterated that Malaysia would not rush into signing the TPP Agreement (TPPA) until "it is convinced that on balance the benefits outweigh the costs".

"The government will assure the public that advancing national interests and safeguarding national sovereignty are our top priorities."

He said the Malaysian TPP negotiation team was represented by senior government officials from various ministries and government agencies, who are experts in their respective fields.

Mustapa said the ministry has taken a serious note of public concern on transparency and secrecy of the negotiations.

He said the government also welcomed the setting up of the bipartisan Parliamentary Caucus on TPPA.

He said the ministry would continue to engage with the caucus to receive feedback and input and noted that "interactions with the caucus thus far have been constructive". Bernama


'Anwar's arguments not new' PRIORITIES: Malaysia won't rush into signing TPP, says Mustapa

New Straits Times last updated at 11:45PM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/anwar-s-arguments-not-new-priorities-malaysia-won-t-rush-into-signing-tpp-says-mustapa-1.337337#ixzz2bvOXxm6B

GEORGE TOWN: The Consumers Association of Penang today urged the Malaysian government to withdraw from the Trans-Pacific partnership agreement (TPPA).

Its president S M Mohamed Idris said Malaysia would sufder and be on the losing end if the agreement is signed.

"The people will suffer if the agreement is signed...Malaysia's sovereignty will be compromised.

"Many countries are already suffering after signing the agreement," he said at a press conference at its office at Jalan Masjid Negeri here today.

He added that Malaysia is doing well on its own and as such there is no need for such an agreement.


CAP urges govt to withdraw from TPPA

By Balvin Kaur

14 August 2013| last updated at 01:30PM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/latest/cap-urges-govt-to-withdraw-from-tppa-1.337577?cache=03D163D03edding-pred-1.1176%252F%253FpFpentwage63Dp%253A%252Fhe3D03Dn63Frea-rti3D19.3D163D03edding-pr%252F7.197397%253Fkey%253DMalaysia%253Fkey%253DKuala%2BLumpur%253Fkey%253DMalaysia%253Fkey%253DMalaysia#ixzz2bvM6W5Xo

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save energy

SEOUL, Aug 11 − South Korea’s government urged efforts to conserve electricity as the nation faces shortages following shutdowns in a nuclear power industry that supplies 30 per cent of the nation’s generating capacity.

Yoon Sang Jick, South Korea’s minister of trade, industry and energy, yesterday urged businesses, public institutions and households to reduce electric consumption from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. during the three days from today, as power demand is expected to peak at 80 million kilowatts, exceeding the nation’s 77 million kilowatts of generating capacity.

“We are in a very desperate situation, where we can’t overcome this crisis without all your active support,” Yoon said in a statement.

South Korea faces “unprecedented” power shortages during its summer months, Vice Minister for Energy Han Jin Hyun said May 28, after two of the nation’s 23 nuclear reactors were halted and the restart of another was delayed when safety certificates for components used at the facilities were found to be faked.

The Shin-Kori No. 2 and Shin-Wolsong No. 1 reactors will be shut for about four months to replace control cables supplied under fake quality warranties. The government also ordered the replacement of cables at the Shin-Kori No. 1 reactor, already halted for regular maintenance, and at the new Shin-Wolsong No. 2 plant, which is under review before going into operation.

LNG Cargoes

Already the world’s second-largest buyer of liquefied natural gas used to power electricity generators, South Korea is scheduled to receive as many as four spot LNG cargoes from Nigeria and a Peruvian shipment during the next two weeks, according to ship tracking transmissions captured by IHS Fairplay on Bloomberg.

The Asian nation doesn’t have long-term LNG supply contracts with Peru and Nigeria, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.


South Korea urges power-saving as shutdowns portend shortage

August 11, 2013

http://www.themalaymailonline.com/money/article/south-korea-urges-power-saving-as-shutdowns-portend-shortage

In South Korea, prosecuters are conducting a massive investigation into flawed nuclear reactors, arresting dozens of officials and parts makers on bribery and forgery charges. Those arrested include the former chief executive officer of Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power that runs all the country's nuclear plants.

Japanese prosecutors are unlikely to indict former prime minister Naoto Kan, utility executive or regulators over their handling of the Fukushima nuclear crisis, rejecting complaints filed over the world's worst atomic disaster since Chernobyl, the Asahi newspaper reported on Friday.

(A plan to build Taiwan's 4th nuclear plant has been held up for years by street protests and a brawl in the legislature over safety issues. Taiwanese government watchdog, the Control Yuan, has said The First Nuclear Power Plant, located at Shihmen in a remote coastal area but not far from the capital, has been leaking toxic water from storage pools of 2 reactors.)


Asian nuke powers face safety issues
- Japan, Taiwan and South Korea confront problems with reactors -

... Reuters report in New Straits times of August 11, 2013

The ministry said some major companies, including Kia Motors Corp and Hyndai Motpr Co, had not complied with energy saving regulations such as cutting power consumption during peak hours.

Both automakers refused to comment on the matter.


South korea warns of power cuts

... Reuters report in New Straits Times

SEOUL: Workers at top South Korean carmaker Hyundai Motor voted Wednesday to strike for better pay and working conditions − a year after ending the costliest dispute in the company’s history.

Ignoring an appeal from management, labour unions at Hyundai and its affiliate Kia Motors opted for industrial action, which will begin after a legally-binding period of mediation which typically lasts around 10 days.

Hyundai’s union wants a 130,500 won (US$120) increase in basic monthly salary for workers, a performance-based bonus equivalent to eight month wages and a one-off shared cash payment for members amounting to US$2.4 billion − or 30 percent of last year’s net profit. Kia’s union has presented similar proposals.


Hyundai, Kia workers vote to strike

New Straits Times, 14 August 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/latest/hyundai-kia-workers-vote-to-strike-1.337575#ixzz2bvB0VVb6

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2013年08月11日

jungle men

Ho Van Thanh escaped with his two-year-old son, Ho Van Lang, after his house in what was then South Vietnam was bombed in 1973, killing his wife and two elder sons, the daily Dan Tri newspaper reported.

Long assumed to be dead by the village community in which they lived, the pair were said to have survived in almost total isolation for 40 years, planting corn, gathering wild leaves and cassava roots to eat and making rudimentary tools from wood.

They were discovered deep in the mountainous Tay Tra district in the province of Quang Ngai by locals who had walked into the forest to collect firewood and alerted the authorities, according to the reports. Rescuers located the men's hut, built from sticks and set in a tree a few metres above the ground.

District officials confirmed that Ho Van Thanh, now 82, had once lived in the hamlet of Tra Kem and had probably been driven into the jungle by shock after his family was wiped out.

Photographs show the men gaunt and wild-looking, wearing loincloths made from bark.


Dad, son hid 40 years in Vietnam jungle
- A FATHER and son who disappeared during the Vietnam War four decades ago have been discovered living in a remote jungle treehouse, according to reports -

by Emily Ford

From: The Times, August 10, 2013 12:00AM

...http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/dad-son-hid-40-years-in-vietnam-jungle/story-fnb64oi6-1226694481869

It is now official−the United States does not learn from history. It is destined to make the same mistakes over and over again.

In 1962, the Strategic Hamlet program was introduced in Vietnam, based on a British counterinsurgency program used in Malaya from 1948 to 1960. In a dismal attempt to prevent the National Liberation Front from “influencing” peasants in South Vietnam, the United States turned villages into concentration camps−they erected stockade walls and patrolled the villages with armed guards. According to figures compiled by the United States, 39 percent of the South Vietnamese population was housed in these restrictive hamlets (4,077 strategic hamlets were completed out of a projected total of 11,182).

As to be expected, this program was a stupendous failure because the peasants resented living in concentration camps, far away from their ancestral lands. As noted in the Pentagon Papers , peasants “were herded forcibly from their homes” and locked inside the so-called strategic hamlets and their “old dwellings−and many of their possessions−were burned behind them.” As the Pentagon saw it, the program “was doomed by poor execution,” not the fact that people don’t like being locked up in concentration camps and will resist and continue to resist until things change. But then, as history demonstrates, there were a lot of obtuse “experts” holding down desks at the Pentagon during the Vietnam War−obviously, over the last forty or so years, nothing much has changed.

Fast forward to the present. In the pulverized wreckage of Fallujah, Iraq, the United States will soon introduce the Strategic Hamlet program once again, albeit with significant differences. Under the new plan, according to the Boston Globe , “troops would funnel Fallujans to so-called citizen processing centers on the outskirts of the city to compile a database of their identities through DNA testing and retina scans. Residents would receive badges displaying their home addresses that they must wear at all times. Buses would ferry them into the city, where cars, the deadliest tool of suicide bombers, would be banned.” In Vietnam, peasants were forced to build their gulags, while in Fallujah male civilians will be organized in “military-style battalions” and, depending “on their skills” will “be assigned jobs in construction, waterworks, or rubble-clearing platoons.” In other words, Fallujans will be organized into chain-gangs and forced to clean up the criminal mess the United States made of their city. For some reason the Pentagon either does not realize or could not care less about the anger and resistance such humiliation will cause.

“You have to say, ‘Here are the rules,’ and you are firm and fair. That radiates stability,” Lieutenant Colonel Dave Bellon, intelligence officer for the First Regimental Combat Team, told the Globe.

Bellon asserted that previous attempts to win trust from Iraqis suspicious of US intentions had telegraphed weakness by asking, ” ‘What are your needs? What are your emotional needs?’ All this Oprah [stuff],” he said. “They want to figure out who the dominant tribe is and say, ‘I’m with you.’ We need to be the benevolent, dominant tribe.

No more Oprah “stuff.” Instead, the Pentagon believes it can pretend to be a “dominant” tribal leader−sort of an Americanized version of Saddam−and thus win the trust (or fear) of Iraqis, a monumental and culturally ignorant−if not completely bigoted−mistake, one certain to engender even more animosity on the part of Iraqis and empower the resistance further. Bellon understands most Iraqis will continue to hate the United States for illegally invading and occupying their country and butchering 100,000 or more of their fellow citizens but hopes there will be “mutual respect.” Exactly how reducing Fallujah to rubble, sniping thirsty and starving women and children, using internationally banned weapons such as napalm, cluster and phosphorous bombs, depleted uranium shells, killing doctors and hospital patients, and crushing the wounded under the treads of tanks will create “mutual respect” is not explained.


Fallujah: Pentagon Plans a High-tech Strategic Hamlet

by Kurt Nimmo

Read more: http://globalresearch.ca/articles/NIM412A.html

In 1949 there was a sudden change in the political climate in Malaya mainly due to the appointment of Lt General Sir Harold Briggs as director of operations. Briggs realised that one of the major sources of recruitment for the communists were the large numbers of vagrant Chinese mentioned earlier so he decided to do something about it, The Briggs plan was to resettle these squatters into new villages surrounded by fences and police posts cutting the communists off from their source of food, supplies and manpower. It also gave the settlers more faith in the Malayan government and made them less prone to support the communists. 500 new villages were created forcing the communists out of the jungles where the British forces could defeat them more easily...

The Malayan Emergency offers many interesting lessons most of which were then ignored by the US in the conflict in Vietnam shortly afterwards. Malaya managed to repel an organised communist insurrection mainly due to the authorities getting organised, the influence of people like Briggs and Templer and the communists thinking they could win by military means.


The Malayan Emergency (1947-1960)
...http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_malaya.html

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2013年08月10日

End of the World restaurant

Mr Yahho's second direction is toward the End of the World restaurant in Teluk Bahang area. However he could not find the restaurant, the small bangalow belonging to the village fisherman's Cooperative, nor the 5 star Hotel where he invited Japanese law professors to stay.

Instead the area has been transformeded as a National Park. He remembers the good days in Penang and be pleased to introduce you the area including the Light House as follows:

The Penang National Park spanning 1,213ha of land and sea awaits scientists, researchers and nature lovers to explore its myriad of natural treasures.

Previously known as the Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve, this pristine site harbours a wealth of 417 flora and 143 fauna species. Pantai Acheh Forest Reserve, located at the northwestern tip of Penang was declared the Penang National Park in April 2003.

Penang National Park is the first protected area legally gazetted under the National Park Act of 1980, signifying the State and Federal Governments’ efforts in protecting the environment.

Penang National Park was set up to preserve and protect flora and fauna as well as objects with geological, archaeological, historical, ethnological and other scientific and scenic interests. The park is unique as it contains several different types of habitat including a meromictic lake (a lake in which some water remains partly or wholly unmixed with the main water mass at circulation periods), wetlands, mangroves, mudflats, coral reefs and turtle nesting beaches.

Attraction and activities

Teluk Duyung (Muka Head)
You can walk or take a boat (only during high tide) to Teluk Duyung. You can reach Teluk Duyung about one and half hours from Teluk Bahang by using trail 1A-1B-1C-1D. Teluk Duyung is a beautiful bay protected by the Muka Head's cape.

On Head's peak stands a majestic lighthouse built in 1883. A burial ground of at least 80 years resembles that of Indonesian Acheh and is an interesting historical artifact. The lighthouse peak offers a panoramic view of the surrounding islands.


Penang National Park

Read more : http://www.penang-online.com/pages/place-of-interest/penang-national-park.php

IT’S a little green spot, the smallest national park in the country. Though small at only 1,266 hectares or about one per cent the size of Penang Island, Penang National Park is big in natural attractions.

Mangroves, beaches, tropical rainforest, sandy and rocky shores, and the country’s only Meromictic Lake make a trekking trip here a worthwhile outing. Its allure is also a shutterbug’s delight.


By Putri Zanina

New Straits Times, 21 February 2013

Read more: Little world of eco-life - Holiday - New Straits Times

http://www.nst.com.my/life-times/holiday/little-world-of-eco-life-1.221778

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2013年08月09日

Penang War Museum

Mr Yahho took his car brought from Japan by sea as eco-drive towards Penang War Museum. Finally and finally he could drive the car here after certification by PUSPACOM, JPJ and after payment of road tax at JPJ-Penang and insulance. He has got the new number plate, too!

The raod has been less congested due to Bulik Kampong but due to many motor bikes and one-way road, he has been feeling himself so difficult to drive the car here!

It was at Bukit Batu Maung, on the southern part of Pulau Pinang that the battle against the invading Japanese army was lost. In the 1930, a formidable fortress was built by the British army atop Bukit Maung, to protect the island against the enemy. Manned by not only British soldiers, but also Malay and Sikh soldiers, Bukit Maung fell during an attack in which the Japanese army approached from inland, rather than from sea, as was expected by the British army.

From that day onwards, the fortress at Bukit Maung transformed into a Japanese army base with a dark history, filled with narrations of how prisoners were tortured for information to help forward the advancement of the Japanese army into Malaya. As a result, Bukit Maung, in the years following the fall of the Japanese army in 1945, the locals in the area kept well away of Bukit Maung for fear of its reputation as a place of hauntings by ghosts of dead soldiers.

The fortress was constructed over 20 acres of land, complete with underground military tunnels and ventilation shafts, ammunition bunkers, logistic centre, canon firing bays, sleeping quarters, cook houses and medical infirmary. After several years of restoration and clearing the fortress area that was covered by shrubs and growths after so many years of abandonment, the fortress was turned into the War Museum by a local Penangite, Johari Shafie three decades later.


Opening Hour : 9.00am to 6.00pm daily
War Museum Address: No Lot 1350 Mukim 12, Batu Maung Daerah Barat Daya 11960 Pulau Pinang
Read more: http://www.penang-online.com/pages/place-of-interest/penang-war-museum.php

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2013年08月08日

seeds of unity

PRIME Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak has called on Malaysians to appreciate and preserve the peace and prosperity the country is enjoying and discard prejudices against each other to ensure stability.

He said it was imperative for the people to realise that it was not easy to build and maintain a stable nation that Malaysia was today.

In fact, he said, in the context of Islam, national unity could not be achieved if there was no concord among Muslims.

He added that incessant polemics would only be detrimental to all parties.

In his Hari Raya Aidilfitri message, Najib acknowledged that the people in the country could still celebrate the festive occasion in peace, free from wars, conflicts or natural disasters that besieged Muslims in some countries.

"So, on special occasions like these, for the sake of our beloved country, foster and continue to sow the seeds of unity among us."

Najib also called on Malaysians to learn from the destruction and upheaval in some countries as a result of extremist beliefs.

The prime minister also urged Muslims in the country not to deviate from Islamic teachings based on the Ahli Sunnah Wal-Jama'ah sect.

"I urge all Muslims to be vigilant and be alert against being deceived by deviant ideologies being spread to destroy the traditional Islamic practice in Malaysia."

He said the Muslims in the country should understand that the declaration of Ahli Sunnah Wal-Jama'ah as the country's official mazhab (sect) was aimed at ensuring the sanctity of the faith and for syariah to be advocated and defended to maintain Muslim unity.

Najib also urged Malaysians to start anew and in the spirit of Hari Raya, to open the door of their hearts and homes in goodwill and sincerity.

He also urged Malaysians to be appreciative of the country's soldiers, particularly those at the frontline, as well as members of the security forces who risked their lives to safeguard the peace and sovereignty of the nation.

Before concluding his speech, the prime minister took the opportunity to seek forgiveness on behalf of himself, his wife and family members if they had offended anyone and said he prayed that Malaysians could celebrate this Raya joyfully with their loved ones. Bernama

Najib: Continue to sow seeds of unity
- PM tells Malaysians to learn the value of peace from upheavals in other nations -

New Straits Times,08 August 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/najib-continue-to-sow-seeds-of-unity-1.334520#ixzz2bX0mqT7e

THIS Hari Raya Aidilfitri, shipping executive Ruslan S.M. Sheriff scrapped plans to ‘balik kampung’ to Kedah with his family so that he can host an open house in Penang for his neighbours.

The 54-year-old said he and his wife Rohimah Abu Bakar decided to hold an open house for their neighbours in Taman Jade View, Bukit Gambier, this year, to share and spread the ‘muhibbah’ spirit.

“We wanted to share the joy of celebrat- ing Hari Raya with our neighbours this year.

“I want to show that despite our differences, either due to race or religion, we can still live together in harmony,” he said when met at his house.

Ruslan encouraged all Malaysians to follow suit and open up their houses to their neighbours and friends during festive celebrations to foster the muhibbah spirit.

His neighbour P. Purushothaman, 41, agreed with Ruslan’s views and said holding open houses would encourage unity among all races and provide an opportunity to share and understand each other’s culture.

The marketing executive, who has known Ruslan for more than seven years, said: “I was also looking forward to the traditional Ma- lay delicacies prepared by Ruslan and his wife, which are simply mouth-watering,” he said.

Another neighbour Jason Tan Joon Heng, 53, said the residents of Taman Jade View were very close.

“Every night you can see us lepak (hanging out) at the pool side of our apartment block, chatting until late night,” he said.

Tan, who is a Christian, said he usually invited his neighbours and friends, of diffe- rent race and religion, to his house for Christmas.

“We would usually come together to eat and be merry. This is how we should live as fellow countrymen,” he added.


Executive shares the joy of Hari Raya
- Couple scraps balik kampung plan to host open house for neighbours-

By KIATISAK CHUA

The Star, Thursday August 8, 2013

Read More: http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Community/2013/08/08/Executive-shares-the-joy-of-Hari-Raya-Couple-scraps-balik-kampung-plan-to-host-open-house-for-neigh.aspx

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2013年08月07日

Tokyo 'icon' sold

Abe administration under the pressure from outside countries like USA and international organization like IMF... As Mr Yahoo talked about the concern for landless farmera who are working in the agribusiness will be targeted very soon under the deregulation after the deregulation of labour market...

The government recently put forward a growth agenda, but details remain to be fleshed out. Concrete steps to raise employment, increase labour market flexibility, deregulate agriculture and the services sector, and enhance the role of the financial sector in supporting growth, would be key.

Net public debt has increased from 13 per cent in 1990 to 134 per cent today, the highest among advanced economies.

This debt has been financed without problem. But the experience in the European periphery makes it clear that investors' views can change quickly, and that reducing the debt burden will require medium-term adjustment and higher growth.

Moving forward, as planned, with the consumption tax hike next April would be a major step in the right direction. We see encouraging signs that the desired changes to the economy are beginning to take place.


Abenomics rises in land of deflation
- DIFFICULT DECISIONS: The Japanese PM's economic plan is a branding success, but will it also be an economic success?-

By Jerry Schiff, New Straits Times of 06 August 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/abenomics-rises-in-land-of-deflation-1.333446

The ecomic growth will be accompanied with selling and buying money game amongst speculators as bubble for the land of Tokyo...

TOKYO: A group including former United States insurance magnate Maurice "Hank" Greenberg and an Abu Dhabi sovereign fund have agreed to buy a prominent office building here for US$1 billion (RM3.25 billion), the biggest property deal in Japan since February, said people with direct knowledge of the transaction.

The decision by the foreign and Japanese investors to acquire the ageing but distinctive 14-storey Shiba Park Building in central Tokyo highlights expectations that real estate values will revive as Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's pro-growth economic policies boost investor sentiment and risk appetite...

The long, imposing Shiba Park Building - nicknamed the "Gunkan", or "Warship", building - has more than 83,510 sqm available for rent, much more than other buildings in its neighbourhood near Tokyo Tower.


Reuters report in New Straits Times of 07 August 2013

Read more: http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/articles/BigProp/Article/#ixzz2bFIjJuzr

THE International Monetary Fund said it was essential that Japan go ahead with a scheduled two-stage doubling of its sales tax from next year amid signs the government is reconsidering the plan out of concern it could derail a nascent economic recovery.

The IMF also called for the Bank of Japan to be ready to expand its asset-buying scheme or shift the mix of assets being purchased if inflation does not pick up as envisaged, or if government bond markets became volatile again.

With Japan's huge public debt leaving the country little room to offer additional fiscal stimulus, monetary policy should be the first line of defence against risks to growth such as weakening exports to China, the IMF said in a detailed report on its annual consultations with policymakers released on Monday.


Reuters report in New Straits Times of 07 August 2013

Read more: http://www.btimes.com.my/Current_News/BTIMES/articles/japnimf6/Article/#ixzz2bFKQmur4

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2013年08月06日

Hmm …

In the homogenious society the election campaigns are done as under and from the view point of a Malaysian lady who married Japanese, the election campaign is described as under.

Of course her sketch is going to the updated modern technology progress such as not only social media but also campaign uchiwa with augmented reality (AR) technology in Okayama Prefecture or robotic campaign in Yokkaichi, Mie Prefecture.

JAPAN recently had its 23rd Upper House election – on July 21. The ruling Liberal Democratic Party won a landslide victory with its coalition party, New Komeito.

There is not much fanfare in Japan’s election campaigns compared to those of Malaysia’s leading up to GE13. Elections are very expensive in Japan. According to Wikipedia, the deposit for each candidate is \3,000,000 (RM99,000) for a single-seat constituency and \6,000,000 (RM198,000) for proportional representation.

The provisions of the Public Offices Election Law are strict – no free food or drinks, house visits, mingling of candidates with the public in eateries, goody bags, and speeches in stadiums or school halls. Also, a candidate can only distribute a certain amount of official election publications.

Parties often field celebrities, athletes and luminaries as candidates, to fish for more votes. There are no “poster and banner wars” like in Malaysia. Instead, candidates’ posters are placed accordingly on designated wooden boards near sidewalks. Posters are also put up neatly on walls or fences.

Typically, candidates and their staff go on a campaign trail in vehicles decked with PA systems that belt out looped greetings: “This is XXX. Dozo yoroshiku onegaishimasu (Please do me a favour). Hontou ni arigatou gozaimasu (Really thank you).” Using vehicles with loudspeakers to tout candidates’ names is permitted from 8am to 8pm. However, speeches are forbidden in a moving vehicle.

Some campaign vans are equipped with a ladder at the rear and a platform atop the roof. The platform serves as a podium for candidates to deliver their speeches from their stationary van.

Hmm … I wonder what the next election campaign would be like.


Creativity on the trail
- The use of technology and creative ideas during Japan’s election campaign. -

Sarah Mori, a Malaysian married to a Japanese, resides in Japan.
The Star of Monday August 5, 2013 MYT 6:11:21 PM
Read more : http://www.thestar.com.my/Lifestyle/Features/2013/08/05/Creativity-on-the-trail.aspx

How many peoples who have the right to vote are they participating into the 23rd Upper House election?
What is the meaning of "a landslide victory" in the election?
Is there any people who raise the voice to change the current contest system?
Is there lawmaker or lobbyiest who want to change the expensive contest system?

Change it! before the country will be lost its way.

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2013年08月05日

peaceful resolution

Dr Mahathir said other countries should follow Malaysia's footsteps of seeking peaceful resolutions and not resort to war to overcome conflict.

He said warring nations should seek negotiations, arbitration or turn to the world court to resolve their problems.

"In Malaysia, we had territorial disputes with Indonesia, the Philippines and Singapore.

"That is why we created Asean, which enabled leaders to discuss disputes and understand one another better.

"There is a Malay saying, tak kenal maka tak cinta (if you don't know, you don't love). As a result, we managed to solve our problems amicably."

Dr Mahathir was speaking at a lunch he hosted for delegates of an international forum yesterday, held in conjunction with the Umno general assembly. The forum was titled "Conflict and conciliation in the people's politics: looking back or looking forward?"

He listed the Moro peace deal in southern Philippines as an ideal example of peace negotiations.

"Malaysia takes pride in being able to reconcile the people in southern Philippines with its central government after years of dispute.

"'It is always easy to resolve conflicts through war, but we did not, not because we are cowards, but because it results in loss and death."

He said the democratic process, especially in developing countries, must be upheld and not manipulated to suit the whims and fancies of any party.

"Democracy determines that a party with majority support will rule. Today, people are more keen on conducting street demonstrations to oppose majority rule. This negates the democratic process.

"Democracy has loopholes, but its practitioners must learn to accept the conditions. For instance, you must accept defeat that is handed by way of the democratic process."


KUALA LUMPUR: Former prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad agrees with Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak's statement that the process of achieving peace through moderation in southern Philippines can be used as a template to end other conflicts.

New Straits Times of 27 November 2012

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/peaceful-resolutions-overcome-conflicts-says-dr-m-1.177337#ixzz2bG2uvzWZ

Meanwhile, the prime minister said under the surface of growth and development in Asia, lie dangerous currents of nationalism, aggression and discord, and if it is left unchecked, they would threaten to undo decades of peace and progress.

Najib noted Asia's strong economic growth, estimated at 5.7 per cent this year, greater than Europe, Africa or the America, has occasionally obscured military build-up that is almost as strong.

Citing the International Institute for Strategic Studies, he said Asia's defence spending in 2012 rose by nearly five per cent, overtaking the European members of NATO.

"While defence spending should be proportionate to the threats that we face, we must not allow our region to get sucked into an arms race," said the prime minister.

Citing examples like longstanding tensions in the Korean peninsula to border disputes in Kashmir and the insurgency in the south of Thailand, Najib said Asian countries would always welcome more partners for peace.

However, he reminded Asian countries to be wary of those who would play out wider rivalries in the region.

"Conflict resolution should be pursued within the norms of Asian diplomacy, which emphasises background mediation and discussion. But given the global attention, we should be unafraid to let a little light into the room.

"Openness about strategic aims and positions can draw the poison from international relations. Engagement through conventions, treaties and talks is always preferable to isolation," said the prime minister.

Therefore, Najib advised that Asian countries should heed the fundamental principles on which good diplomacy was conducted, such as sovereign, equality, respect for territorial integrity, peaceful settlement of dispute and mutual benefit in relations.

Explaining on peaceful resolution, Najib said Malaysia and Thailand, for example, had chosen to enter into a joint development zone in the Gulf of Thailand.

"It is not a permanent fix but agreeing to share prosperity - rather than let it divide us - is infinitely preferable to the alternative," he said.

Although change in Asia brought a further strategic challenge, one that could not be resolved by diplomacy or treaties was to deliver socio-economic security, said Najib.

As Asian nations, including Malaysia, strive to become high-income developed nations, they must ensure social development is not sacrificed in the name of growth.

"Our final challenge is to ensure Asia's development brings economic opportunity for all, not riches for a few; that it expands not just nominal gross domestic product figures, but also critical social infrastructure."

He also looked forward to the completion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, which would strengthen Asia's ties with the wider world and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership that would bring three of the largest economies into the world's largest trading bloc.


PM: Asian countries should cooperate to tackle 3 challenges
- Keynote address at the welcoming dinner and official launch of the 27th Asia-Pacific Roundtable -

New Straits Times of 03 June 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/latest/pm-asian-countries-should-cooperate-to-tackle-3-challenges-1.293008#ixzz2bG5huMmM

TERRITORIAL disputes between neighbouring countries are a rule rather than an exception and remain a simmering issue beneath seemingly good bilateral relations. Naturally, it makes governments wary just in case the animosity surfaces and turns into aggression. Sometimes unintended moves may be misconstrued and tension builds up unnecessarily, as the case with Ambalat in May 2009. Then the Indonesian media reported that a Malaysian navy vessel had encroached deep into Indonesian waters and apparently the Indonesian navy vessels almost opened fire. Here then is the example of how "iffy" security can become when territorial disputes between nations exist. Another, of course, is the recent Lahad Datu intrusion that could have easily gotten out of hand if Putrajaya had not handled the matter judiciously.

Not unnaturally, therefore, the prime minister, in his speech at the 27th Asia-Pacific Roundtable, highlighted the increase in defence spending by Asian countries which, according to the International Institute of Strategic Studies, rose by almost five per cent last year. Given the many flashpoints throughout Asia, this could be an indicator of grave danger at a time when substantive aspects of life are changing, such as the environment, which could become what the PM terms a "threat multiplier". But, in an "age of ascendance" Asian nations can surely make the tough call not to be sucked into an arms race despite his recognition that every nation's defence spending is proportional to its perceived threat. Whatever may be the case, disputes ought to be resolved peacefully through such international institutions as the International Court of Justice, as was the case with the Sipadan and Ligitan islands claimed by Indonesia and Malaysia.

However, there is also the Asian way of dispute resolution: diplomacy and cooperation. This is what is most appropriate for the much disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea where several countries seek to have jurisdiction of their immense natural resources -- the main reason for most territorial disputes. Malaysia has long called for a "code of conduct" to make certain that claimants do not act unilaterally, but this is not a solution to the dispute. Both Malaysia and China have, however, agreed to increase cooperation between them and resort to diplomatic solutions, because to opt for any other than peaceful means would be to invite interference from opportunists intervening on the pretext of protecting "the freedom of navigation and safe passage". This last is not an unlikely scenario given the pervasive speculation among security experts that there are powers waiting to act against China's supposed hegemonic ambitions.


Ending disputes through diplomacy to avoid external interference

- Editorial - New Straits Times of 05 August 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/editorial/peaceful-resolutions-1.332936#ixzz2bG7x4Z3Z

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2013年08月04日

Look Malaysia

TUN Dr Mahathir Mohamad advocated the "Look East Policy" when he took office of the prime minister in 1981, its main purpose being to provide Malaysian students with the opportunity to study in Japan and to bring up excellent engineers who could contribute to the country's industrialisation...

In 2001, after almost 20 years of the Look East Policy, Dr Mahathir met with Japanese Prime Minister Koizumi and proposed a concept of establishing a Malaysia-Japan International University of Technology (MJIUT) which delivers Japanese-style engineering education in Malaysia. Koizumi instructed officials to explore the possibilities to realise it...

When I was appointed Ambassador of Japan to Malaysia in 2007, one of the most important missions was to work towards the realisation of MJIUT...

Thinking back on it now, the third attempt paid off. In April 2011, when Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak paid an official visit to Japan, the topic was raised at a summit meeting with Prime Minister Hatoyama. The two leaders agreed to make efforts to realise the establishment of MJIUT...

Malaysia is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multilingual country and the people have a high command of English. On the other hand, Japan, as a highly homogeneous country, is faced with an increase of inward-looking young students.

Although it has been quite a long time since the need for the internationalisation of Japan was realised, it did not progress as expected due to the particularities of the highly homogeneous society. In particular, the introspective mindset of Japanese university students is problematic these days. In other words, Japan, located in Asia, has many things to learn from multicultural Malaysia.

Making an analogy of "Look East Policy", I have been advocating "Look West Policy" in Japan to look towards Malaysia. However, from now on, I will advocate a more straight forward "Look Malaysia Policy" by appealing to young Japanese to learn more from Malaysia and encourage them to study at MJIIT.


New horizon in Look East Policy

WORLD-CLASS INSTITUTION: Japan has many things to learn from a multicultural country like Malaysia

By Masahiko Horie, New Straits Times, 19 February 2013| last updated at 11:24PM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/new-horizon-in-look-east-policy

Malaysians have spoken. The results may be encouraging to some and disheartening to others. But in everything, there are victors and the vanquished.

We have to move on to make our democratic institution more effective as we evolve to become a mature democracy. The victor and the vanquished should not cry over spilt milk.

The prime minister has called for reconciliation and unity.

It does not matter who governs at the end of the day. What matters is how they govern.

All parties, including the media, must be responsible in promoting unity under the 1Malaysia concept.

If we love Malaysia, we must cherish its unity and the multi-racial population, and stop harping on racial issues.


LOVE MALAYSIA: We all have duty to ensure unity
- AS any responsible law-abiding citizen, I voted at the 13th General Election -

By Tamil Maran, Seremban, Negri Sembilan

Letter to the Editor, 17 May 2013| last updated at 11:47PM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/letters-to-the-editor/love-malaysia-we-all-have-duty-to-ensure-unity-1.280665

PUTRAJAYA: THE 56th Merdeka day celebration this year will be themed Malaysiaku Berdaulat: Tanah Tumpahnya Darahku (My sovereign Malaysia: The land where my blood has spilt)...

The Communication and Multimedia Ministry said the motto, which was based on unity, patriotism, and oneness, was selected by cabinet members recently.

The ministry said the theme served as a reminder to the people on the importance of being united in defending the country while creating awareness about the need to cherish the nation.

"In line with the theme's approach, the celebration's concept this year will focus on unity, patriotism, sovereignty and national security."

The ministry said the incursion in Lahad Datu and Semporna, Sabah, earlier this year had become a valuable lesson to improve the main thrust in the military field.

Among the Merdeka events to be organised throughout the month are the Jalur Gemilang national flag launch on Aug 16 in Dataran Zero, Sungai Petani, Kedah, and Merdeka-eve countdown on Aug 30 at the Putrajaya Maritime Centre.

The Merdeka marching and procession ceremony on Aug 31, will involve the armed forces and enforcement agencies, including the Royal Malaysia Police, and Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.


Merdeka to focus on patriotism
- SOVEREIGN THEME: It will highlight need to stay united in defending country -
By A. AZIM IDRIS, 04 August 2013| last updated at 02:36AM

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/nation/general/merdeka-to-focus-on-patriotism

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2013年08月03日

PTT public meeting

Datuk Mustapa Mohamed felt like he was stripped naked before some 1,000 people at the Trans Pacific Partnership open house on Thursday.

The International Trade and Industry Minister was listening to questions and statements criticising the proposed agreement.

It was not a pleasant thing to listen to all the bombardments and he must have felt it was one of the worst period as Miti minister.

The open house is an unprecedented event. Miti decided to hold it as there have been criticisms from certain quarters including Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, politicians and detractors with allegations in the blogs and social media...

Executive director of South Centre Martin Khor gave an interesting insight, saying while there have been many allegations of secrecy in the TPP negotiations, the trick is to just surf the Internet and read the free trade agreement between the United States and South Korea and the US FTA with Singapore.

“We are told that we cannot view the actual text of the TPP being negotiated but if we are clever enough, we can read the text of the US FTA with the two countries and from what I see, they are almost the same – maybe different by about 5%. So, if you Google the two FTAs, that is basically the TPP. Well maybe not the TPP, but probably 80% to 90% TPP. Then, you can analyse it for yourself.”

Khor stressed that no one should be against globalisation but the focus should be on how it works for the people.

“We need to manage the relations with the global economy. We need to retain the ability to make domestic policies for our own good, such as health and economic policies.

“When you look at the TPP, you need to look at the overall picture. There are positive and negative aspects for all of us,” he added...

For MITI, it was an eye-opening experience. After successfully negotiating 12 FTAs over the years, they decided not to have the top down approach and hold a public forum for ongoing negotiations.

“Not all NGOs are against it. They just want to make sure their concerns are taken on board,” said an official...

The TPP deadline to wrap up negotiations is set for October. But like all complex trade negotiations involving so many parties, there is bound to be slippage in the deadlines...

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak is regularly briefed on the TPP and is also concerned with the criticisms.

But if it is something that the Government wants done as it strongly feels the TPP is one way to make Malaysia leap and move out of the middle income trap, then the country’s leadership should address the issue publicly.

Otherwise, Mustapa will be left alone to face a tough battle ahead to narrow the public information gap and change the negative perception of the public towards the TPP.


TPP public meeting draws full house
- The Trans Pacific Partnership open house received overwhelming response from interested parties but what was glaring was the gap of information on the proposed trade agreement -

(COMMENT BY MERGAWATI ZULFAKAR)

Published in the Star: Saturday August 3, 2013 MYT 12:00:00 AM
...http://www.thestar.com.my/Opinion/Columnists/Comment/Profile/Articles/2013/08/03/TPP-public-meeting-draws-full-house.aspx

WE are told that when trade is free, there will be more trade and nations will prosper. To achieve even freer trade the nations of the world must enter into free trade agreements.

Somehow, attempts at agreements on trade have failed repeatedly. What is the reason for this failure? Principally, the failure is because of attempts to regulate trade through agreements rather than to free trade.

And the laws and terms of the proposed agreements very often override national laws. In other words, far from making international trade free, the agreements are actually intended to regulate trade by international agreements and laws.

The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement is certainly one such agreement. Far from freeing trade, the TPPA proposes to regulate trade through restrictive agreements. There is also an element of threat in that if the TPPA is not accepted than the recalcitrant nations will face restrictions against their freedoms to trade with members of the TPPA that they have enjoyed before...

Malaysia must think carefully about joining the TPPA or accepting the terms spelt out in small print in the 29 chapters of the paper. The draft is crafted by the huge corporations of the US and they must have their own interests at heart.

And we know their interest is to penetrate the markets of the resource rich but poorly developed countries.


FTAs actually restrict free trade

FDI RISKS: Governments of TPPA nations may be sued by foreign companies that don't have their interests at heart

(COMMENT By Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad)

New Straits Times, 03 August 2013, last updated at 12:10AM
Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/ftas-actually-restrict-free-trade-1.331794#ixzz2astRZsve

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2013年08月02日

Peace keeping

Not Abe but Aso...is he gaffe-prone?

Japan’s banks emerged from the 2008 global credit crisis largely unscathed because senior employees did not speak English well enough to have got them into trouble, the country’s finance minister said Friday.
Read more: Poor English saved Japan bankers from Lehman
New Straits Times
...http://www.nst.com.my/latest/poor-english-saved-japan-bankers-from-lehman

Gaffe-prone! Here the title on the newspaper is giving Penangites a shock while Mr Yahho doest not here the voice yet from average Japanese... This time, too...

Japan should follow Nazi route on revising constitution, minister says
- Deputy prime minister Taro Aso, previously criticised over comments on elderly people, retracts statement, saying he was misunderstood -

Associated Press in Tokyo, The Guardian, Friday 2 August 2013
...http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/aug/01/japan-revising-constitution-taro-aso

Aso often speaks in a meandering style and his penchant for off-the-cuff remarks has landed him in trouble in the past. He has apologised previously for accusing the elderly of being a burden on society, joking about people with Alzheimer's disease, saying the ideal country would be one that attracts "the richest Jewish people", and comparing the opposition Democratic party of Japan to the Nazis...

The Simon Wiesenthal Centre, a group dedicated to keeping alive the history of the Holocaust, urged Aso to "immediately clarify" his remarks.

"What 'techniques' from the Nazis' governance are worth learning? How to stealthily cripple democracy?" Rabbi Abraham Cooper, associate dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Centre, said in a statement.

"Has vice-prime minister Aso forgotten that Nazi Germany's ascendancy to power quickly brought the world to the abyss and engulfed humanity in the untold horrors of World War II?"

In South Korea, the foreign ministry spokesman Cho Tai-young said Aso's remark "will obviously hurt many people". "I believe Japanese political leaders should be more careful with their words and behaviour," Cho said.

In China, which also suffered invasion and occupation by Japanese imperial troops before and during the war, the foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei said the comments showed that "Japan's neighbours in Asia, and the international community, have to heighten their vigilance over the direction of Japan's development".


The Japanese finance minister's Nazi comments hark back to a dark past
- Taro Aso's comments about rearmament echo a rising Japanese military revisionism which could inflame tensions with China -
Rana Mitter
theguardian.com, Friday 2 August 2013 16.59 BST

Constitutional reform à la Hitler?
That seemed to be the case made by Japan's finance minister, Taro Aso, earlier this week, when he suggested that his country might learn from the Nazis' technique of undermining the Weimar constitution by stealth, if it wants to change the American-designed postwar constitution that prevents it rearming.

On Thursday, Aso withdrew his remarks. But they were not an isolated incident. Japan and China have been in a war of words for over a year, punctuated by alarming sorties by warships and fighter jets, over the question of sovereignty over the barren islands in the East China Sea that Tokyo calls Senkaku and Beijing the Diaoyu. Both countries are in the latest stage of a crisis that began in 1937 and has never truly been resolved: Japan's invasion of China, and the unfinished business of a peace settlement in 1945 that failed to create a lasting framework for stability.


We can read the comment for the above Rana Mitter's article as under:

Puppet Master prairdog
02 August 2013 7:45pm

Yes, it is actually all about China and the US, with Japan as a proxy for the US.

It is the US, especially Neocons, which has been demanding the change of the Japanese Peace Constitution.

With the US plan for a war with China taking more concrete shape, the US needs her Japanese lackey on line very soon, I guess.

There is an interesting reading.

Yale Journal of International Affairs, June 12, 2013
Who Authorized Preparations for War with China?
By Amitai Etzioni


Mr Yahho recommends now his friends in Japan to browze the above paper to read. Amitai Etzioni is Professor of International relations, George Washington University. We can read the comment for this Prof's paper as well as under:

Eochaidh MacDhalaigh Ogha Chruithne

July 26, 2013 • 7:39 am
The current American "system" is the problem. The Military Industrial Complex, including, but not limited to, the Pentagon, is only a part of what it best called: "The Matrix of Oppression."

"...[A] comprehensive review, and [urge] to counter the gradual slide toward war that the Pentagon is effecting..." will be only a partial and temporary fix to only a part of the problem. After the Indo-China War, Congress held hearings on political assassinations of foreign leaders, domestic violations of American citizens' rights, and other excesses by the Executive branch. But today, we're right back to where we started or maybe, in a more dangerous position, because Congress dealt with individual issues at that time, such as the Pentagon Papers, Watergate, wire tapping, domestic involvement in the Kennedy's, King, murders, etc. The "system" that produced these abberations was left intact.

The system can only be changed by addressing the Constitutional errors in it, is the National Security Act of 1947. It's horrifying to know that while we try to deal with the Pentagon's war plans for China and Russia as well as the N.S.A. spying on Americans, the nuclear war on China and Russia becomes more and more likely, just as Mr. Amitai Etzioni and Mr. Daniel Tam Claiborne lay out for us to watch come about.


Mr Yahho decided this morning to raise the voice as an average Japanese to transform the system from warfare to welfare because they do not know what they are doing!

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2013年08月01日

Merdeka

IT will be August soon. We celebrate Merdeka (independence) once again. Malaysians have much to be thankful for this August.

Among other things, Malaysians can respond to Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak's call to reconcile what can be reconciled: eat from the same big plate (national unity), let a hundred flowers bloom (diversity) and loosen control of cultural space (cultural and religious identity).

Many say home is where the heart is. My home is indeed Malaysia. This is where I was born, bred and lived for the last sixty-six years. I look back at all these years with a big heart and a winning smile.

Of course, life was a lot harder before Merdeka. But things were cheaper, certainly. Together, my siblings and I could see so much food on the table. We also had more time to do all the things we wanted -- fishing, swimming, playing football, catching butterflies and more...

FIRST, for the sake of national unity, we need to learn how to eat from the same big plate.

SECOND, to capitalise on our diversity, we must continue to let a hundred flowers bloom.

FINALLY, in keeping with the multi-diversity character of our social environment, there must be some loosening up of the control of the cultural space. Nobody likes to be gagged and some freedom is always good for the person's well-being and happiness. It must be noted that in the end, the truth lies in the axiom that, "a human deprived is a human depraved".

HAPPY MERDEKA, MALAYSIA


Dr Azharl Karim, former diplomat and associate professor,
New Straits Times 29 July 2013
Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/respond-to-pm-s-call-for-reconciliation-1.328646#ixzz2ag7urIdV

IN response to the emergence of a Malay political party, Umno and its success in rejecting the British inspired Malayan Union, the Chinese community of the 1940s saw the need for a political party of their own to present their views to the British government.

Thus was the MCA conceived and born, led by Malacca's Sir Cheng-Lock Tan. Although it was intended to counter the influence of Umno and protect the interests of the Chinese community, events changed the strategy and role of the MCA.

In 1952 the Kuala Lumpur Umno leaders and the Kuala Lumpur MCA branch leaders decided that in the Kuala Lumpur municipal elections, they should not contest against each other, but instead should support each other's candidates in their respective constituencies.

The results startled them as they defeated almost all the non-racial parties. Realising the political advantage of cooperating with each other the Tunku (Abdul Rahman) and Sir Cheng-Lock Tan, and senior leaders of the MCA and Umno decided to formalise their cooperation by setting up the Alliance, a coalition of MCA and Umno.

The basis of this coalition was the idea of supporting each other and sharing the power gained. Buoyed by the success of the Alliance party in the 1955 elections, in which the MIC had joined, the Tunku looked more kindly at the proposal of Sir Cheng-Lock that citizenship should be based on jus soli (citizenship by being born in the country) and not jus saguinis (citizenship based on the Malaysian citizenship of the father or mother, i.e. citizenship based on blood relation).

The Tunku did not quite agree but he nevertheless decided to give one million citizenships to unqualified Chinese and Indians.

With that the confrontation between the Chinese and the Malays changed into positive cooperation...


(The photo shows: Realising the political advantage of cooperating with each other, Tunku Abdul Rahman, Sir Cheng-Lock Tan and senior leaders of MCA and Umno decided to formalise their cooperation by setting up the Alliance, a coalition of MCA and Umno)

Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad, the fourth prime minister of Malaysia
New Straits Times 26 July 2013

Read more: http://www.nst.com.my/opinion/columnist/the-chinese-dilemma-dr-m-1.326708#ixzz2agBKQQAh

Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prince of Peace, came to Japan and visited the emperor's palace. Following is his peace message:

At the end of it (WWII), there was not one country which could boast that it had gained anything by war; whether a ciountrey was victor or was vanquished. all of them suffered.

We are agreed now that all our efforts must be directed toward peace, happiness, prosperity and a better living for mankind"


... 21st May 1958 ,Arrival in Tokyo, Japan
("Tunku, Prince of Peace - Words and Pictures of the Tunku -, MPH, 2012, pp.88-89)

5 years later, Tunku gave a following speach:

In our multi-racial society, our Malayan democracy, nothjing is more fundamental than harmony between the many races which form the Malayan nation.

In fact, if I were asked to name one single outstanding quality to explain the success of Malaya as a free nation, I would without hesitation say it is due to racial understanding and cooperation.

Not only does this harmony express the trends of thoughts and feeling in this country, but it is a treasure of priceless value to each and everyone of us"


...1963, Tribute to Tunku Abdul Rahman, edited by S. Durai Raja Singam, Kuala Lumpur
(ibid, pp.106-107)

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